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President Andrew Johnson was
A.) Not impeached despite the efforts of the Radical Republicans
B.) Neither impeached by the House nor convicted by the Senate.
C.) Impeached by the House but not convicted by a two-thirds majority of the Senate.
D.) Impeached by the House and convicted by a two-thirds majority of the Senate.
As a result of the compromise of 1877
A.) Freedom and power for blacks gained a new lease on life.
B.) The Supreme Court stepped in to protect blacks.
C.) Reconstruction ended and a new political order took shape in the South.
D.) The principles of the Radical Republicans became part of the fabric of American politics.
Blacks in the South were not totally disfranchised or segregated until
A.) Cleveland gave his approval in 1887.
B.) Radical Reconstruction ended in 1877.
C.) The Fifteenth Amendment was repealed.
D.) Southern states enacted literacy tests and poll taxes in the 1890's.
Under the First Reconstruction Act of March, 1867, the former states of the Confederacy (excluding Tennessee) were
A.) Allowed to elect representatives to the House but not the Senate.
B.) Required to confiscate the large plantations and divide the land among the former slaves.
C.) Readmitted to the Union after each ratified the Thirteenth Amendment.
D.) Divided into five military districts.
The black leader identified with the "Atlanta Compromise" was
A.) Booker T. Washington
B.) W.E.B. Du Bois
C.) Frederick Douglas
D.) T. Thomas Fortune
The apparent winner of the election of 1876, with 203 electoral college votes and a quarter of a million more popular votes than his opponent, was
A.) Horace Greeley
B.) Rutherford B. Hayes
C.) Samuel J. Tilden
D.) James G. Blaine
The president, as a result of the Compromise of 1877, was
A.) Ulysses S. Grant
B.) Samuel J. Tilden
C.) Rutherford B. Hayes
D.) James A. Garfield
President Johnson alienated moderate Republicans when he
A.) Agreed to compromise with Charles Sumner
B.) Vetoed the Freedmen's Bureau and Civil Rights bills.
C.) Pardoned Jefferson Davis
D.) Blocked the Thirteenth Amendment
According to the text, the "ultra" Radical Republicans
A.) Wanted to protect freedmen from exploitation but not give them the vote.
B.) Accepted the southern states restored under the Johnson Reconstruction plan.
C.) Demanded immediate civil and political equality for blacks.
D.) Ignored black rights.
The black educator Booker T. Washington
A.) Accepted permanent inferior status.
B.) Encouraged violence.
C.) Chose accomodation rather than confrontation.
D.) Stole large sums of money.
Your text describes Reconstruction as a period of
A.) Congressional Supremecy
B.) Executive expansion
C.) Judicious compromise
D.) Judicial supremecy
Under the crop-lien system, both the sharecroppers and the landowners
A.) Had strong incentives to diversify their crops.
B.) Profited from the South's rapid economic progress immediately after the Civil War.
C.) Depended on credit, often at high interest rates, from local merchants and bankers.
D.) Took advantages of the easy credit available to improve their lives.
President Lincoln believed that Reconstruction should
A.) Abolish slavery and divide the plantation lands among the former slaves.
B.) Harshly punish the white South for its treason.
C.) Be controlled exclusively by congress.
D.) Avoid vindictiveness toward the South.
The average northerner lost interest in Reconstruction once it became reasonably certain that blacks
A.) Would not be reenslaved.
B.) Could read and write.
C.) Had economic security.
D.) Were guarenteed to vote.
President Lincoln's proposed plan for reconstructing the Union
A.) Permitted states to apply for readmission after 10 percent of the qualified voters took an oath of allegiance.
B.) Confiscated land form wealthy white southerners to provide forty acres and a mule for each former slave.
C.) Divided the South into zones of military occupation.
D.) Permitted states to apply for readmission after a majority of the qualified voters took an oath of allegiance.
The _________ Amendment to the Constitution broadly defined American citizenship and, according to your text, "reduced the power of all the states."
The disputed electoral votes in the election of 1876 were decided by the
A.) House of Representatives
C.) Supreme Court
D.) Electoral commission created by Congress
Which of the following was not one of the four issues that dominated post-Civil War politics?
A.) Guaranteeing rights for southern blacks.
B.) Reforming the currency.
C.) Reforming the civil service.
D.) Modernizing the tariff.
Under Johnsonian Reconstruction, the new southern governments
A.) Angered the North by refusing to end slavery in spite of the Thirteenth Amendment.
B.) Calmed the North by accepting the obvious results of the war.
C.) Provoked the North by electing former Confederate leaders to serve in Congress.
D.) Pacified the North by their devotion to the Union.
During the bitter days of Reconstruction, most Northerners
A.) Opposed true equality for blacks.
B.) Were not concerned at all about blacks.
C.) Believed in giving blacks the vote.
D.) Completely supported the radicals.
The measures restricting former slaves to working in farming and domestic service were the
A.) Reconstruction Acts
B.) Black Codes
C.) Redeemer Acts
D.) Scalawag Codes
In 1864, Congress rejected Lincoln's reconstruction plan when they passed the
A.) Kansas Bill
B.) Freedmen's Bureau
C.) Wade-Davis Bill
D.) First Reconstruction Act
The ________ Amendment prohibited states from denying blacks the right to vote.
The doctrine of "seperate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in
A.) The Civil Rights Cases
B.) Plessy v. Ferguson
C.) Munn v. Illinois
D.) Hall v. De Cuir
As a result of black demands for economic independence and the shortage of capital, the South developed the agricultural system known as
A.) Wage-crop economics
B.) Tenant farming
D.) Gang labor
The conflict between the President and Congress came to a head when Johnson
A.) Dismissed Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.
B.) Removed General Ulysses S. Grant from his command.
C.) Attacked Charles Sumner as a traitor.
D.) Appointed Salmon P. Chase as Secretary of State.
During Reconstruction their opponents called Southern white Republicans
B.) Uncle Toms
Between 1890 and 1910 there was a dramatic increase in __________ blacks.
A.) Educational opportunities for
B.) Civil rights for
C.) Voter registratrion among
D.) Lynchings of
"Mr. Washington...has tended to make whites, North and South, shift the burden of the Negro problem to the Negro's shoulders and stand aside as critical and rather pessimistic spectators; when in fact the burden belongs to the nation..." The above author was
A.) W.E.B. Du Bois
B.) Frederick Douglass
C.) Marcus Garvey
D.) Carter G. Woodson
The organization formed in 1909 by a group of liberal whites and blacks to eradicate racial discrimination was the
A.) National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
B.) Congress of Racial Equality.
C.) Urban League
D.) Souther Christian Leadership Conference
On the eve of the Civil War the American Indians in the West
A.) Were no longer dependent on the buffalo.
B.) Had almost no contact with American and European culture.
C.) Were still reluctant to adopt any white technology.
D.) Still occupied about 50 percent of the United States.
In 1851, the government negotiated a new policy with the Plains tribes based on a divide and conquer strategy. The was known as the __________ policy.
B.) Removal and resettlement
D.) Tribal unity
In its treaties with Native Americans, the American government generally
A.) Honored only those made after 1860.
B.) Honored only those made before 1860.
C.) Showed little interest in honoring them.
D.) Considered them legally binding obligations.
One of the worst massacres committed by white troops in the Indian Wars occured at
A.) Medicine Lodge
B.) Horse Creek
C.) Fort Sully
D.) Sand Creek
In 1867, the government tried a new strategy toward the Plains Indians,
A.) Accepting the Native Americans' rights to speak their own language and practice their own religion.
B.) Negotiating with all tribes to acheive a single unified treaty.
C.) Negotiating with each tribe seperately.
D.) Training the reservation Native Americans to become farmers like other Americans.
The ability of the Plains Indians to resist white expansion was severely damaged by the
A.) Blizzard of 1873.
B.) Introduction of the horse.
C.) Whites' superior military training.
D.) Destruction of the buffalo.
Probably the most famous of all the gold strikes in the West, the site of the Comstock Lode and the Big Bonanza, was
A.) Deadwood, South Dakota
B.) Pike's Peak, Colorado
C.) Virginia City, Nevada
D.) Butte, Montana
Large mining corporations.
Most of the wealth from the many mines in the West was gained by the
A.) Gamblers and desperadoes.
B.) Large mining corporations.
C.) Original prospectors.
D.) Freighting and mercantile businesses.
The Homestead Act of 1862
A.) Was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in Munn v. Illinois.
B.) Did not immediately lead to a West with 160 acre family farms due to Native American defense of their homelands.
C.) Failed to fill the West with 160 acre family farms because most landless Americans were simply too poor to become farmers.
D.) Succeeded admirably in planting 160 acre family farms throughout the West.
Which of the following is true of the frontier farmers of the 1870s and 1880s?
A.) They fared the land with little knowledge or concern for preventing erosion or preserving fertility.
B.) Cultivating the prairie grasslands was quite similar to their experience in Ohio and Illinois.
C.) Only the "bonanza" farmers survived the drought of the late eighties.
D.) Farmers who diversified their crops were most likely to fail.
The Pacific Railway Act of 1862 set the pattern for government land grants by giving the builders of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads.
A.) Twenty square miles of public land on each side of their right-of-way for every mile of track laid.
B.) Five square miles of public land on each side of their right-of-way for every mile of track laid.
C.) A twenty year exemption form government regulation.
D.) The right to import an unlimited supply of Chinese labor.
The two railroads joined in 1869 to form the first transcontinental railroad were the
A.) Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, and the New York Central.
B.) Kansas Pacific and the Chesapeake and Ohio.
C.) Great Northern and Northern Pacific.
D.) Central Pacific and Union Pacific
Cattle herds were driven across the unsettled grasslands of the __________ Trail on their way to the railroad at Abilene, Kansas.
The discovery that cattle could feed on the prairie grasses of the public domain of the northern plains led to the development of
A.) Refrigerated railroad cars.
B.) Chicago feedlots and slaughterhouses.
C.) Bonanza farms.
D.) Open-range ranching.
Barbed wire was invented by
A.) Joseph G. McCoy
B.) S. D. Butcher
C.) Walter Prescott Webb
D.) Joseph F. Glidden
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