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1) In the 1920s, Europeans used the term Fordize as a synonym for:
2) By the 1920s, workers in Henry Ford's automobile industry:
A) did their work in a solemn atmosphere that emphasized making money over individuality.
3) Effects of the automobile industry's growth included all of the following EXCEPT:
A) reducing the use of assembly-line production.
B) spurring large increases in building residential homes.
C) increasing the number of service stations.
D) boosting the petroleum and oil industries
4) The main force behind the 1920s economy was:
A)the steel industry.
B) automobile production.
C) the entertainment industry.
5) DuPont emerged as a powerful corporation in the:
A) steel industry.
C) chemical industry.
D) housing construction industry.
6)Which statement about the development of the radio industry is NOT true?
A) Factory-made crystal sets made radios more accessible to the average American.
B) It was not until the 1930s that radio experienced a large boom in popularity.
C) The Federal Radio Commission was created to organize radio wave bands.
D) Several corporations quickly rose as dominant powers in the industry.
7)Innovations in the movie industry of the 1920s included all of the following EXCEPT:
A) integrating production with distribution and promotion.
B)publicizing popular new film stars.
C) the advent of sound film.
D) using the mass growth of commercial television to promote films.
8) All of the following were aspects of the open shop campaign EXCEPT:
A) the movement was an attempt to break union shop contracts.
powerful companies refused to do business with companies who had union labor.
C) workers often had to sign yellow dog contracts that rejected unions.
D) the extension of collective bargaining rights for unskilled laborers.
9) As the nation's productivity increased:
A) a high percentage of workers experienced a decent standard of living.
B) corporate taxes were raised by Republican administrations.
C) wages were not proportionately raised.
D) unemployment dropped significantly.
10) When "real wages" failed to keep pace in the period from 1923-1927:
A) corporations decided to raise wages for all workers.
B) consumers began to rely more heavily on installment plans.
C) the government passed social welfare legislation.
D) labor unions were guaranteed the right to collective bargaining.
11) Several "sick" industries experienced all of the following problems EXCEPT:
A) excess capacity of rail lines.
B)high corporate taxes.
C) shrinking demand for their goods.
D) bitter labor-management relations.
12. The textile industry coped with a drop in economic prosperity by:
A. encouraging collecetive bargaining
B. shifting operations to the cheap-labor South
C. lobbying Congress for heavy federal subsidies
D. cutting back work hours
13. The republican presidents of the 1920s:
A. pursued programs that provided social reform
B. won narrow victories at the polls
C. emphasized the importance of business interests
D. used their power to directly aid the ailing farm economy
14. After the 1920 elections, Republicans controlled:
A. the presidency only
B. the presidency and the Senate only
C. the presidency and both houses of Congress
D. the presidency and the House of Representatives only
15. The Teapot Dome scandal:
A. involved government officials illegally leasing land to oil companies
B. was one of many scandals that plague the Hoover administration
C. revealed that the government was setting up monopolies in retail food sales
D resulted in Harding's defeat in the 1924 primaries
16. As secretary of treasury, he promoted "trickel down" economic policies by pressing Congress to reduce taxes on business and the rich
B. Andrew Mellon
17. Politicians stopped supporting women's reform issues
A. when they realized women were not voting as a bloc
B. because many female reformers had close ties to the Soviet Union
C. before any state could pass equal pay statutes
D. when women asked for the right to serve on juries
18. Which statement about living patterns in the 1920s is not true
A. Africans-Americans migrated in large numbers to the northern cities
B. Older industrial cities of the North continued to grow
C. Suburbs began t emerge as the middle class grew
D. The majority of Americans still lived in rural areas
19. Blacks migrated to the urban North for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A. racial discrimanation was not a part of life in the North
B. to escape from he constant threat of violnce in the South
C. to escape the confining segregation of the South
D. more job opportunities were available in the North
20. Effects of the Great Migration included all of the following except
A. ending housing and job discrimination in the North
B. increasing the number of black who voted in local and national elections
C. encouraging the cultural pride of African-Americans
D. developing new expressions of racial pride
21. The Harlem Renaissance:
A. undermined the goals of the N.A.A.C.P
B. was a movement among white liberals to achieve racial equality in America
C. feature some of the greatest literature, music, and visual art of era
D. failed to nurture the emergence of black cultural pride in northern cities
22. Suburbanization in the 1920s:
A. was made possible by the success of the automobile
B. resulted in the passing of anti-segregation legislation
C. discouraged the creation of new retail business
D. was confined to the Northeast
23. What did President Coolidge call "one of the most potent influences" on modern life
A. organized religion
B. the film industry
C. the advertising industry
D. welfare capitalism
24. Which statement about the economy of the 1920s is NOT true
A. advertising agressively promoted the buying of many new mass-produced products
B. industrial profits increased steadily for most of the decade
C. a decline in installment buying revealed the underlying weakness of the economy
D. Consumerism emerged as a major foundation of the national economy
25. All of the following statements abouth the film industry of the 20s are true EXCEPT
A. movie stars became key figures in the emergence of celebrities in popular culture
B. the movie industry experience sluggish box-office sales after 1925
C. the construction of huge movie houses in cities reflected the popularity of films
D. films often expressed the constrating themes of passion and social conformity
26. Jazz had its roots in ______ music
B. African American
D. western folk
27. Babe Ruth became a popular celebrity for all of the following reasons EXCEPT his:
A. image as it was promoted in many commercial endorsements
B. role in making the New York Yankees the most popular sports franchise of the era
C. prodigious skills as a homerun hitter
D. belief that celebrity status should be combined with political activism
28. Charles Lindbergh became a celebrity when he:
A. released jazz records that were heard on radio
B. defeated Gene Tinney in the "Flight of the Century"
C. became the first pilot to fly a plane across the Atlantic
D. starred in the three most popular films of 1927
29. The National Origins Act of 1924 was aimed at limiting the immigration of:
A.southern and eastern Europeans and Japanese.
B. western European Catholics and Japenese
C. Germans and southern and eastern Europeans
D. western Europeans and Irish Protestants
30. Which statement abouth Ku Klux Klan is not true
A. The Ku Klux Klan experienced an increase in memership during the 1920s
B. The Ku Klux Klan's beliefs embodied racism and fear of sociall change
C. The growth of the Ku Klux Klan was slowed by revelations of curruption and criminality
D. The Ku Klux Klan's membership was resricted to whites of any ethnic background
31. The Scopes Trial revealed fundamentalists' discomfort with:
A. evolutionary science
B. labor unions
C. International communism
32. A dramatic point of the Scopes Trial occured when:
A. John Scopes was acquitted
B. Clarence Darrow called William Jennings Bryan to the stand
C. H.L Mencken spoke in favor of the prosecution
D. the judge ruled that scientist could testify
33. In an effort to expand markets and avoid foreign tariffs, U.S companies
A. increasingly became multinational corporations
B. resorted to trade embargoes with European nations
C. supported the Sheppard-Towner act
D. made negotiating concessions with organized labor
Evangelical Protestants tend to:
A. support publicly funded vouchers for private schools
B. opposed school prayer
C. support gay rights
D. support abortion
35. Nativists promoted
A. protecting the rights of immigrant workers
B. the virtues of advertising and consumerism
C. progressive labor reforms for unskilled laborers
D. restricting immigration of people who were not Aglo-Saxon
1. What occured on "Black Tuesday"
A. Germany attacked Poland
B. Herbert Hoover announced he would take no action regarding the faltering far economy
C. A stock market crash wiped all the gains of the previous year
D. U.S. steel announced a layoff of over half its workers
2. The Wall Street Crahs:
A. was caused by the low level of investment in the 1920s
B. only affected middle-class Americans
C. marked the beginning of the depression, but did not cause it
D. was triggered by excessive government spending
3. In the early years of depresssion:
A. farmers' income rose dramtically
B. foreign markets for Americans goods shrank
C. unemployment had not emerged as a major problem
D. voluntarism was rejected by the Hoover administration
4. The Depression was prolonged when:
A. the Federal Reserve Board restricted the nation's money supply
B. banks voluntarily submitted to regulatory policies
C. the government ordered that more exports be sold in Europe
D. farm prices and workers' wages skyrocketed
5. In the first years of the depression, personal income:
A. remained steady, but prices rose
B. dropped by more than half
C. did not emerged as a major problem area
D. reflected the relative strength of the industrial economy
6. What were Hoovervilles
A. they were the numerous soup kitchens constructed to feed the nations' hungry
B. they were squalid collections of shacks where the homeless of American's cities lived
C. they were rich sections of town where wealthy republicans lived
D. they were suburban towns that exprience sharp downturns during the depression
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