Homework 10 - 14
Last Modified: 2014-05-13
- Land and water—land heats and cools more rapidly than water
- Altitude—Proximity to land = heats atmosphere
- Cloud cover—reduce solar radiation during day and absorbs during the night
- Albedo—The fraction of total radiation reflected by a surface.
- Geographic position
- Earth's axis is titled relative to its orbital plane
- Earth's axis always points in the same direction relative to the stars
- Earth's orbits around the Sun, completing one orbit each year
- Earth spins on its axis, completing one rotation each day
- Wet climates – Closest to the equator and experience a lot of precipitation, but very little temperature variation (they are always hot).
- Tropical wet and dry climates – Similar temperature range to wet tropical climates, but have distinct wet and dry seasons. Movement of low-pressure centers means that these climates often have wet, rainy summers and falls, but are dry during other parts of the year.
- Arid/desert – Very dry climates with little precipitation.
- Semiarid/steppe – Climates surrounding the arid/desert regions; a transition zone between the deserts and the humid regions around them.
- Humid subtropical climate – Located on the southeastern side of continents and have hot, humid, rainy summers and mild, cool winters.
- Marine west coast climate – They are rainy, cool in the summer, and mild in the winter.
- Dry-summer subtropical climate – Characterized by dry summers, and winters with relatively more precipitation.
- Humid continental climate – Have hot summers and severe winters. They have somewhat more precipitation in the summer than in the winter.
- Subarctic climate – Long, very cold winters and short, but relatively warm summers. These climates have the largest temperature variations.
- Tundra climate – Have large variation in annual temperatures. Their winters are very cold and their summers are cool. These climates are devoid of trees.
- Ice cap climate – No month has an average temperature above 0°C (32°F), so the ground is perpetually covered in ice and snow.
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