Greek word for "dispersion"; refers to immigration of the Jews into the areas outside the geophysical boundaries of Palestine.
"the Roman peace"; refers to the period of peace and prosperity during which the empire enjoyed 200 years of peace and Roman civilization.
title meaning "high priest" of the Roman pagan religion that was taken by Emperor Augustus.
a progressive, reforming group of Jewish lay scholars. Their name comes from "the separated ones."
comprised of many wealthy elite, especially in Jerusalem. they exercised considerable religious and political influence amongst Jews during the time of Christ.
Jews that withdrew to the desert. Named "Pious ones" or "healers", they live a strict life of monasticism.
from Greek meaning "teaching." a first century treatise concerning Christian morals, practices, and misery. It covers fasting, prayers, Eucharist, and development of the hierarchy among the early Christians.
a defender of the faith.
saintly writers of the early church whom the church recognizes as her special witnesses of faith.
one who bears witness to the faith even until death (aka: one who dies for their faith.)
also called a witness to the faith.
converted to Christianity at age 30. Taught and defended Christian religion in Asia Minor and Rome. Died at age 65, wrote 2 apologies. We still use this dialogue in the church.
Ignatius of Antioch
early ecclesiastical writer; friend of Polycarp; 3rd bishop of Antioch; fed to animals in Rome (willingly); letters are most important documents linking 12 apostles of early church. Coined the term "Catholic."
the church gov't by bishops.
Oh come on! I'm not typing that out.
a person who denies the faith altogether.
followers of Christ . . .
spoke of himself in 3rd person; referred to himself as "Lord and God";paranoid; wanted 2 stop spread of Christianity; killed cousin who he believed 2 plan 2 kill him;imposed a tax on Christians and Jews who he then forced to build a temple to Jupiter.
called "Philosopher King"; adopted son of Hadrian; philosophy was his life's central focus; wrote Meditations; did not hesitate to kill Christians; tried to stop German invasion which eventually overcame the city.
Original term for early Christians.
confers grace, instituted by Christ, forgives sins, new life in Christ, cordially brought into church; originally for adults.
Jewish tradition; keeps covenant with law of Abraham.
succeeded Trajan; adopted by 2nd cousin; advocate of Hellenism; banned circumcision -> Jews revolted and were thus banned from Jerusalem. Then decided they could not be killed unless they violated the law (no false accusations).
good to poor and abandoned; "Optimus" built tower; defeated Parthanians and extended empire to Prussian Gulf.
Christians bought so they would not be accused of being Christian and would not have to sacrifice to Pagan Gods.
Roman emperor (284 to 304) divided the empire into East and West. Final persecution of Christians in 303.
Scripture and The Church
Love that is unconditional and sacrificial, like that of God is calledAgape. This meal was celebrated in conjunction with the Eucharist but was discontinued because it often grew disorderly.
"the Great"; dissuaded Attila the Hun from attacking Rome; Vandals did not burn Rome; centralized Church's governing based on the Pope's papal power.
the destruction of the temple
(70 AD) Jews temple was destroyed. When later reconstructed, the new temple was diminutive in comparison to its prior.
followers of Christ; also witnesses to the faith
The Easter vigil
Mass celebrated the Saturday before Easter.
confederation formed in West Germany. The were a certain number of ancient Barbarian tribes who occupied the right shore of the Rhine.
surrendered followers of the religion of Muhammad.
King of the Visigoths.
Paul of Thebes
1st hermit; various hermitical communities adopted him as their patron.
founded by Montanus. He believed that due to the holy spirit's descent upon him he knew of the heavenly kingdom's eminent earthly existence.
denied Jesus' divinity; He was stated as being neither God nor equal to the father.
The council of Jerusalem
When St. Paul started Monasticism- settled the question "Should converted Gentiles also observe Mosaic law?"
Edict of Milan
Made Christian worship tolerated. Made enemies of religion treated with more magnanimity (NO BLOODY DEATHS :)
the list of writings composed under the divine inspiration.
pastor, leader of a church.
a martyr, presbyter and antipope. He emphasized a goodness in the created world, supremacy of God, clear meaning of scripture, and Christ's human experiences.
1st successor of St. Peter; 1st apostolic father; 4th pope.
son of a Roman centurion; wrote many apostolic works; converted from Roman paganism to Christianity; Called "Father of Latin Theology"; joined heretical montanists but never a consistent montanist.
391: Christianity became official religion of the empire.
Heresy and Paganism became illegal. Union b/wn throne and altar
"whole inhabited world"; bishops all over vote on central church issues, presided over by Pope.
a highly populous city. Jews came here during the diaspora.
stresses: 3 divine persons, incarnation, equality of trinity, relationship.
The City of God
defense of Christianity; talks of 2 cities: city of heaven and earthly city; written by St. Augustine
involved all the bishops of one nation.
engaged St. Augustine in a debated that ended with the death of Augustine; defined the Celegius heresy.
very christian; many people fled here after the martyrdom of Stephen.
Hilary of Portiers
one of the Latin eremitical church fathers; unwillingly signed Arian statements under threat but suspended orthodox teaching against Arians. Doctor of the Church. Called Athanasius of the West.
also called synod; meeting of a bishop, representative of the clergy, religious, and laity in which matters of Diocesan church discipline and procedures are discussed.
a big, black, holy rock which Muslims travel to once in a lifetime.
founded Pachomian rule; founded cenobitical monasticism in Egypt; sought solitude and then allowed many to join him; ruled over 9 monasteries at the time of his death.
apostle to the Slavs and brother of St. Methodius; originally named constantine; joined the philosophy at university of Constantinople; commissioned to be a missionary in Slovakia.
apostle of the Goths; captured by them-translated Bible into Gothic and was made a bishop- his translation of the bible is the oldest Germanic document.
Patriarch of Western Monasticism; lived as a hermit and founded 13 monasteries.
monks are to act as a family.
Benedict's 13th monastery; wrote his rule which states this monastery is supposed to be a family. divided day into 2 parts: prayer and work.
a city; believers wanted Muhammad to come and rule to avoid bloodshed; Islam grew here.
laws which monks/priests must follow when in an order.
Gregory the Great
papacy marks beginning of medieval age; when his dad died he sold all his property & gave all his wealth; he founded seven monasteries; after the pope's death-because he was the pope's ambassador-he became pope. His title was "Servos servorum dei."
friend of Ignatius; bishop of Myrna; traveled to Rome with pope on Easter when he was then arrested and charged for Christianity. He would not deny his faith and was burned alive but unharmed until he was then slashed with a sword.
converted her household to Christianity (owner of the slave Felicity); both died in prison as martyrs
slave of St. Perpetua
combatted heresies (especially Gnosticism); bishop of Lyons; writings describe Origin and history of each heresy before contrasting its false claims.
Origen ( one of the most brilliant theologian of early Church!)
head of 1st catechetical school in Alexandria; Visited Palestine @ invite of 2 bishops where he preaches; made priest on his 2nd visit but then stripped of teaching position; continued to preach, & was martyred by Septimus Severus.
"voice of the people"
early church was often more threatened by unconverted commoners in any given area than by the Roman state.
where monks develop in faith as they draw closer to the love and enlightenment shared as one grows in Christ.
city in Rome named after the artificial lake in Nero's villa; renown for its sacred Grotto.
holy book of Islam (Qur'an)
savages that infiltrated Europe.
sang by monks
a statement of faith the church continues to affirm although the author is unknown.
humans sanctified without grace; sacraments are thus unnecessary; no original sin exists and salvation and holiness are achievable through human endeavor alone. Augustine fought this.
wife of Nero whom Nero murdered.
"Augustus Caesar" ; allied himself with Marc Antony; master of the Roman world; increased Rome's industry and commerce. called himself "King of the Jews" He died at age 66.
writings' detailed the 1st century desire to return to moral perfection of early republic; was a roman historian who wrote about Nero.
Marks of the Church
one, holy, catholic, apostolic
pressured senate to elected himself dictator; they did and he name himself dictator for life -> led to his assassination. He was a popular and ambitious general.
book written by St. Augustine; discusses the human's tendency to sin.
ecclesiastical province to discuss ecc. affairs and enact disciplinary regulations for the province.
spent 5 years in Syrian desert with his companions and learned Hebrew, which used to translate scrip into Latin; translated Bible into Latin as well and inspired St. Paula to follow the monastical life.
Gregory of Nyssa
one of the 3 cappadocians (younger brother of St. Basil); deeply opposed Arian beliefs -> exiled by emperor Valens; defended the title "Theotokos" for Mary.
person who denies the faith altogether.
promotes false beliefs.
not willed by subject, no free will in decision, individual does not choose to commit heresy.
hermit life; individuals withdrew into loosely organized groups who live in isolated life.
Attila the Hun
great military leader, good administrator, diplomat, and king - 433; defeated by Romans/Visigoths; spoke with Leo I and then left Rome.
Anthony of egypt (FREAK)
He wanted to live like apostles so he sold everything and devoted himself to religious life. He was vistied by a strange demon shaped like and animal that attacked and almost killed him. Refused pilgrim visitors. Died at 105 (unknown burial site.)
holy war; waged by Muslims in the name of religion
had the demiurge and divine spirit; three types of people; heresies blah blah blah.
Marcion: son of a bishop; in 140 he visited Rome where he started a heretical community caused him to be formally excommunicated in 144.
Religion contained: demiurge, redeeming JC (God of love), used St. Paul and contributed to canon of SS. - JP II
only one will in Christ but he possessed 2 natures
caused Pope Honorious to be admonished.
the church is composed of saints, not sinners and thus does not need the sacraments.
founded by Main; light particles placed by Devil on earth that, if freed, returned to God (hearers and elect); strict; also used St. Paul; New Testament concepts
matter is corrupt; Jesus is not truly human and did not suffer pain but was merely an apparition. "Jokeis" - appearance/semblance; Judas Iscariot or someone alike swapped places with Jesus.
The Council of Jerusalem occured in . . .
Nero's Persecution occured between the years of . . .
64 to 68 AD.
The Edict of Milan was issued in . . .
The baptism of St. Augustine happened in . . .
Christianity became the official religion of the Empire in . . .
The destruction of the temple occurred in . . .
The "Fall of Rome" is estimated in the year of . . .
Council: Nicea (list facts about this council)
Targeted to: Arainism and Nicene Creed
Council: Constantinople I (list facts about this council)
Targeted to: Divinity of the Holy Spirit
Council: Ephesus (list facts about this council)
Targeted to: Nestorianism and Mary as the Mother of God
Council: Chalcedon (list facts about this council)
Targeted to: Monophysitism
Council: Constantinople II (list facts about this council)
Targeted to: the 3 chapters of Controversy- Nestorianism, Monophysitism, and imperial-papal relations.
Council: Constantinople III (list facts about this council)
Targeted to: Monothelitism. Admonished Pope Honrious I.
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