CREATEDATE 1/15/09 History of Rock: Blues and Country Western Significant in influencing later rock ?n? roll elements (1950s) Stereotypical audiences that records companies produce music for/ southeast Focused the idea of segregation?both blues and western respectively marketed Blues- race records/ blacks Western- hillbilly records/ whites BLUES Harsh circumstances of life (Blues music) Grows out of field hollers, spirituals, work songs [slavery] Blue notes- flattened notes that mimic melancholy sounds Delta Blues- Mississippi delta region; close connection to the south; children of former slaves?solo musician usually on acoustic guitar; expressive style Rhythmic complexity Robert Johnson Influenced artists like Led Zeppelin, Bob Dylan, Allman Bros, Eric Clapton Recorded only 29 songs Started playing guitar in 1930 Legend: sold his soul to the devil at the crossroads Crossroad Blues (1936) Son House- ?John The Revelator? Teacher Preacher Church did not approve blues music, thought of as sinful. Juke joints not approved by congregation; a lot of moonshine Urban Blues-more elaborate than delta blues Influenced by vaudeville style, jazz Bessie Smith: signed in 1923 by Columbia records Made 160 recording for that company alone ?I?m Wild About That Thing? Chicago Blues- migrated to the north; electrified Delta Blues; adult oriented songs Connection with Chess Records (small independent record label) Capturing intensity was main goal of this type of blues Muddy Waters (1913-1983) Father of Chicago Blues COUNTRY AND WESTERN Ralph Peer Bristol Barns sessions The Carter Family: born and raised in southwestern VA; wrote much of his own songs Close ties between gospel and folk music traditions Famous for the harmonizing ?Can The Circle Be Unbroken? Before the Cater family recordings, it was very rare that the guitar be used as a main instrument. Banjo was actually an African type instrument June Carter was born from Maybelle of the Carter family Jimmie Rogers (The Singing Brake Man) (1897-1933) Suffered from tuberculosis Pretty well known as a singer and yodeler Many of his songs stemmed from his personal experiences working on the railroad Honky Tonk Blues influence ?Blues Yodel #6? Gene Autrey BobWillis & His Texas Playboys Similar to Big Band: fiddle, steel guitar, mariachi style trumpets ?New San Antonio Rose? Grand Ole Opry- broadcast coast-to-coast NBC radio network WWII had many affects on C&W Establishment of the Acuff Rose company-had songs performed by particularly country artists Hank Williams (1923-1953) Born in AL Icon for both country music and rock ?n? roll Driftin Cowboys (band) Had 12 #1 hits Medical condition that drove him to abuse alcohol and drugs ?Move In On Over? (1947) BLUEGRASS Related to folk- but has only been around since the 1940s Fiddle, Banjo, Viola Soloists (often improvised) Nasal style harmonies Earl Scruggs [3 finger roll]
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