Who: Charles the Great, a Carolingian. When: late eighth and early ninth centuries What:Carolingian king Where: northern Spain to the North Sea, from the English Channel well into Germany, and across the Alps into northern Italy Significance: Charlemagne represented the high point in the process of the combining of classical, Germanic, and Christian cultural elements.
Who: Charlemagne When: 700's What: built upon learning that had been preserved in monasteries. Where: Empire of Charlemagne Significance: Charlemagne could never learned to write but was very interested in learning and his people getting an education.
Who: Religious people When: seventh century What: A place for worship for all people. Where: Europe Significance: Contribute to an Ordered World Bringing structure to the ecclesiastical order was not limited to priests, bishops, popes, and kings.
Who: Scandinavian people When: ninth and tenth centuries What: Scandinavian warriors, beliefs in gods and goddesses. Where: Scandinavia Significance: deep impact on European life through raids, trading, and settlements
Who: Lords, vassals, serfs When: eighth century What: system by which the lord of the manor exploited the serfs or tenants who worked his estate. Where: Mediterranean world Significance: Established an order of things, in this time between lords and their servants.
Who: Lord and his desired fighter. When: middle ages What: the exchange of land for military service Where: Mediterranean world Significance: formed the political structure of the elites in medieval society