Damon Talbott HWC 204 – Fall 2011 Final Exam Review Sheet Final Exam The final exam will occur on Wednesday, December 14th, 7:30-10:00 pm, Summerfield 427. Students who need special accommodations must be in contact with me beforehand. Bring a blue book or two and backup pens/pencils. Part One: Short-Answer Questions Using knowledge from the textbook, assigned texts, lectures, key terms list, and discussions, prepare to answer any of the following 20 questions. For the exam I will choose 10 of these questions that you will answer in paragraphs that consist of 3-5 complete sentences. Each answer is worth up to 5 points. In what ways did Seneca modify Epicureanism and e arly Stoicism in his letters of advice? Softened the harsh stance of previous stoics on Epicureanism, recognized the moderation Seneca has a parallel on views of death Most early Stoics did not like Epicureanism, but he found good in their teachings What is apatheia ? How does it help explain Seneca’s philosophy of living? Refers to the state of mind where you are free from emotional disturbance. Helps explain because need to keep a proper distance from things not you, don ' t want to be chained to things of this world because you invest and it will die away Don ' t get caught up in worldly things, rehearse death What problems did the Nicene Creed seek to solve? Jesus as a divine being in human form vs. human with divine messages Jesus tradition vs the Apostolic T radition Unifies theological opinion U Explain the influence of Manicheanism on Augustine’s theology. Manicheanism ' s religious philosophy made everything black and white. It also equated good with the relm of spirt and evil with the realm of matter. Because of this he later in his life and the way the thought he needed to reach god through not being with matter. Humans contributed to evil because they have free will Depict two large-scale historical trends active in the transition from the Early Middle Ages to the Late Middle Ages. Monastic Life and The Crusades The Crusades brought back the Greeks Urbanization For what reasons were Jews persecuted during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period? They saw them as infidels Jews don ' t believe in Jesus as the Missiah or the Son of God while Christians did Anti-semitism They gave the power to l end money to the Jews because they didn ' t want to dirty their hands with it What is the relationship between Scholasticism and Hellenism? Scholasticism sought to unite reason and revelation but doing so introduced a pagan influence. Bascially ignore that it wasen ' t christian, but take the good pieces and adopt them for their own purposes Aquines did the same with Arostotal State the similarities and differences between Chaucer’s “Wife of Bath” and the medieval myth of Phyllis and Aristotle. Similarities- power women over men, inversion of traditional heirarchies, women using sexuality to have power over men Differences- Bath is a woman ' s place in society and Phyllis is reason. List three events, groups, or persons that preceded Luther in questioning the power or practices of the Catholic Church. Albigensians- updated version of gn ostism, believed in a God of Heaven and and God of Earth Jan Huss- if not in the bible then don ' t do it, connected to the the Popal Schism, which helped lead to the dismished authority of the catholic church Lollards- translated Bible to English, people now don ' t need to go to church, heretical group Cuius regio eius religio : what does this mean, what caused it, and what are its consequences? “whose region, his religion.” Caused by Germany and Luthern cities Piece of Augsburg, Charles 5 th Space now becomes decided on whoes territory it is and their right to choose the religion there Money stated closer to home because not as much went to the Catholic Church What was the “New Devotion” movement ( devotio moderna )? How did it justify its practice of Christianity? Rediscovery of old pious practices A more individual attitude towards belief and religion Correspo nds to ideals of Christian Humanism Personal connection with God as opposed to through the priests What non-religious factors helped spur the Protestant Reformation? Printing press Charles V has poor relationship Pope Leo X Territory wars with the Turks and France Black death, so many people died upending heirarchies What are the assumptions of Mirandola’s humanism? What are its implications? You have the ability to create whatever you want out of yourself Before you were predestined Seperates the ablilites of man from God ' s creations Chain of being Implications- we could be like the angles, there is self determination for the first time What role did Islam play in the Hellenism of the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period? They had everything Important because during Crusades all this was found and then retranslated and introduced into the Early modern period brings them closer to the original texts In what ways did Machiavelli amend the Roman conc ept of vir to make his concept of virtu ? Vir- manliness, virtu-maintaining the state, good things, rulers ability to rule, even if that encompass evil to be an effective leader Describe the worldview of realpolitik . Also, how does it differ from previous worldviews in the Western political tradition? Realism vers idealism How to deal with what actually is, instead of the ideal form List and define the four models used in early modern science. Platonic-Pythagonean Model-geocentric and geometric Mechanical Model- culture of constructions like clockwork, everything should work together, find where it fits in the grand scheme Hermetic Model – Culture of Mystical remainders, alchemy, astrology, marco causes micro effects in mood Empirical Descriptive Model – Culture of counting, calculating, focus on biology and methods Galileo’s “the book of nature” : what is it a metaphor of? In what language is it written? The way he structured nature, God ' s so called Book of Laws, Read nature to find God ' s Laws What is the relationship between technology and the development of scientific practices? With better technology brings better Explain the relationship between crises and sciences. Crisis → response → calm Paradigm is a set of theoretical assumptions everyone accepts during that paradigm Then get normal science with gradual refinement leading to a pile of Part Two: Essay Question In the second half of the final exam you will respond to an essay prompt that asks you to synthesize all of the course material and reflect upon course themes and concepts. The answer will be graded for quantity and quality and is worth up to 50 points. Using knowledge from the textbook, assigned texts, lectures, the key terms list, and class discussions, prepare to answer questions about the entire course. To study for this essay question, please reflect on categories of comparison, concepts for analysis and synthesis, and significant historical events, geographic situations, and social contexts. Review the themes of the course (on p. 2 of my syllabus) and ponder how all of the texts and contexts discussed in this course relate to each other in multiple ways. Course Goals: Identify patterns in key texts and historical movements Understand patterns ' in their context Explain patterns ' justifications and applications Relate patterns to each other Evaluate the consequences of patterns Synthesize patterns into worldviews and critically reflect on them Course Themes: Metaphysics: What is Really real? How and why does it operate? Knowledge: Of what, for what, how gained? Socia : Establishing who, what, how, and why things relate. Polis : the process of making citizens and states Ethos, Logos, Pathos : How Conduct, Logic, and Emotion influence us. Eudaimonia : What is the “Good Life”? How do we achieve and maintain it?