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Spiritual practice that reinforced social relationships
Last dynasty that ruled China
Treaty that ended World War I. China was not given the concession in its terms for joining the war and was outraged when the League of Nations gave its land to Japan.
Revolutionary that founded the GMD. Seen as father of the revolution and helped end dynasties.
Expedition led by GMD to unify China by removing warlords
Chang Kai Shek led GMD wiped out urban communists, betraying their previously made pact with the CCP
GMD set up Nanjing as the capital of the republic and was moderately successful, keeping communists at bay and such, until 1937 during the second Sino-Japanese War
Communist state set up in the southern Jiangxi province by Mao Zedong and Zhu De
The island that the nationalists fled to. Now known as Taiwan
GMD and CCP joining together to fight the Japanese in the Second Sino-Japanese War
Leader of the GMD that replaced Sun Yat-Sen. Ordered Shanghai Massacre.
The period of time between the fall of the Qing Dynasty and the rise of the GMD where warlords had power
Mao and CCP forced to leave Jiangxi and to march north to the Yan’an Province
Seat of the CCP during the Chinese civil war
Negotiated a loan between the Soviets and China that strengthened their relationship
Peasants denunciating landlords in during land reform
Confiscating and redistributing the land of landlords to all of the peasants
Simple, small, working together on redistributed land
Area of controlled by China that wants to be free
Reformed traditional marriage structure so there was no more prearranged marriages, everyone had to consent.
Those who held positions in the PRC
The Chinese plan to boost the economy over the span of 5 years
Leader of Soviet Russia during the Mao period
Reform movements trying to stop corruption, waste, and bureaucracy
Reform movement trying to stop bribery, theft of state property, tax evasion, cheating on government contracts, and stealing state economic information
Attempt to remove GMD members and anti-communists from civil positions
Congressional body of the Communists party that decides how the party should advance
The faux-congress for the people that was filled with communist officials that passed unimportant bills. The Party Congress had the real power.
Small group of Communists officials that run the party
Mass collectivization and push for industrialization in China. Communes were encouraged to make steel, which ended up producing unusable product while taking away from farm labor. Failed horribly.
Part of the GLF. Campaign aimed to destroy rats, flies, mosquitos, and sparrows in order to improve production. Killing sparrows caused bug population to grow.
Mao’s philosophy that guided the social reforms. Includes the idea that revolution comes from the agrarian people.
PRC political structure that “trickled down” policies from the top government to lower government positions
Rallies to humiliate the state’s political rivals and dissidents in order to reform them
Encouraging people to volunteer through social reforms
Ideological differences between China and Russia became too vast, leading to China denouncing Soviet communism
Moving from small mutual aid teams to APCs
Whole process of combining land
Large coops that spanned many villages, this was the final stage in collectivization. There were about 5,000 communes in China.
Respected general in the PLA whose career was destroyed when he wrote a letter to Mao expressing his concerns about the GLF.
A collection of Mao’s quotes that spread Mao Zedong thought during the GPCR
Four prominent members of the CCP that took charge of the GPCR, later tried for the social chaos created. Jiang Qing (Mao’s wife), Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan, and Wang Hongwen.
Military official in the Communist Army. Was blamed with the Gang of 4 for the out of handness of the GPCR after his death
President of the US after Kennedy. Supported Kennedy's decisions.
Helped formalize relationship between US and China. First US President to go to China.
Mending of relations between US and China
Loljk you will listen to what we say
Promised we would not interfere with Cuban affairs after war
Outlined in hisHistory Will Absolve Me
1) Reinstate 1940 Constitution
2) Reform land rights
3) Company workers receive 30% of profits
4) Sugar workers receive 55% of profits5) Taking holdings of those who were labeled ascorrupt.
Che learned of to dislike US Imperialism when the US overthrew the socialist leader there.
Popular Cuban revolutionary. Left Castro’s regime to travel abroad and help with other revolutions.
US sanctioned ruler of Cuba that was overthrown by Castro. He was a corrupt leader.
The boat that Castro rode from Mexico to Cuba to announce his return for the Cuban Revolution
Journalist for the NY Times, interviewed Castro and helped him gain support in America
Castro fled Cuba after the attack on Moncada in order to regroup and strategize their 1956 return
Cuban territory that contains the Sierra Maestra and Moncada
Very socialist party that was in charge before Batista’s return to power
Nationalist party that Castro belonged to before Batista returned to power
Communist party in Cuba. Later joined with the Integrated Revolution Organization (ORI)
The day Castro walked into the city, victorious over Batista.
Broke up large land holdings and redistributed them
The way that Castro tightly controlled the economy by himself. Economy ruled by one.
US trained Cuban exiles to stage an attack on Castro, Castro won and looked like a hero in front of the people.
Castro made private business illegal and had strict control on the economy
Castro’s strict control over the economy, including production prices and selling prices
Russia started assembling nuclear warheads in Cuba, the US didn’t like that and nuclear war almost broke out.
Castro broke a little from his strict centralized policy to follow the Soviet model
President during Bay of Pigs and Cuban Missile Crisis (1961-1963)
Castro closed school and had volunteer students and teachers teach Cuban citizens how to read
President of Cuba replaced by a more loyal Castro supporter
Castro nationalized oil and sugar mills in response to US pressuring them to not process products. Nationalized all private business down to street vendors
Castro aimed high for 10 million tons of sugar to rebound the Cuban Cuba
US restricting purchase of sugar and trade of oil with Cuba.
Castro funded this revolution to support the MPLA
Communist block/Soviet controlled states
President of Russia that brought much success in Cuba known as the Brezhnev years
Mass emigration from Cuba when economy started to fail
President of the USSR that tried to restructure and open the USSR with perestroika and glasnost, which ended in the fall of the USSR
Small volunteer groups organized by Castro to help with reinforcing infrastructure
Newly elected Czech president started decentralizing the state, which Russia quickly stomped out. Castro surprisingly supported Russia in this.
Aimed at recentralizing Cuban economy, was not successful
Group of rebelling Nicaraguans that overthrew Somoza and were supported by Castro
Became the new leader of China after Mao’s death because the Gang of 4 was eliminated. Tried to open up China economically because he had to deal with Mao’s failures.
Father of Cuban revolution
Castro’s attack on a Batista military barrack. Became symbol of revolution.
Castro’s speech in his defense during his trial for the Moncada attack
Brother of Fidel. Current president of Cuba.
Organization, led by Che Guevara, that oversaw the implementation of the Second Agrarian Reform Law
Group of countries not aligned to either the Soviets or the US
President of Russiathat provided aided revolution in many ways (1953-1964)
Group of countries in the Americas that allied together. They did not allow Cuba into the organization
Official party of the Revolution, still the ruling party over Cuba
Did not reach the goal, but did break the record for yield with 8.5 million
President of Nicaragua that was overthrown by the Castro supported Sandanistas
Social relationships defined in Confucianism
Protest against China’s government for weakly responding to Treaty of Versailles
Formally Formosa but changed names after the GMD relocated there
CCP and GMD coming together to fight warlords in the Northern Expodition
Nationalist party of China. Founded by Sun Yat-Sen, then run by Chang Kai-Shek after Sun’s death
Alliance formed by Russia to help fight for Communist power around the world
The military of China
State bought business from owners, making them into managers to run the industry.
Mao encouraged criticism against the government that led to a purge of those who spoke out against his policies
Purge of rightists that spoke out during the Hundred Flowers Campaign
Started with small cooperatives then moved up to advanced cooperatives before full on communes
Communist conference to discuss GLF. This is where Peng Duhai wrote his criticism of the GLF to Mao.
Social reform where Mao thought became very popular, almost religious, and enemies were wiped out through class struggle.
Ally to Mao and became leader of the PRC while Mao was absent. Mao got rid of him during the GPCR because he was a perceived “rightist” threat.
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