Paleolithic in Europe. c.25,000-20,000 BCE. Known as Venuses. Traditionally these figures have been viewed for fertility, for childbearing, and exaggeration of certain parts of the body relate to reproduction.
Paleolithic in Europe. c. 15,000-13,000 BCE. Cave painting, animal life size. The caves surfaces gives the animals of a form of 3D, it made made b4 the development of writing and their function is unknown.
Neolithic in Britain. c.2750-1300 BCE. Constructed in 4 stages. Maybe raised on a series of levers. Single large block is known as a megalith. Upright stone-Menhir. When in a row-cromlech. Arrangement reveals celestial events for neolithic people.
Nok, Africa. c.600BCE-250 BCE. Fired, burnished Terra-cotta. Heads were powerfully abstracted. Their meaning is unknown, but argued that some of them were finials to decorate secular, civic, or sacred architecture.
Cycladic. c.2500 BCE. Marble. Assosiate with funerary practices, are not freestanding, they are found lying down in grave sites. most are female but meaning is unknown.
Vessel. . c. 3200-3000 BCE. The reliefs celebrate the goddess of fertility through offerings of fruit. A reminder of public events full of chants, music, and movement.
Modern Iraq. c.2100 BCE. Fired brick over mud brick. Ziggurat=pinnacle/mountain top. Apex has a large couch & table of gold to be used by god when he came down to earth.Mesopotamian text refers to a ziggurat as "bond between heaven & earth.
Temple of Abu. C. 2750 BCE. The statuettes of individuals presented the life spirit of the donor as a continuous and vigilant prayer, a permanent substitute for the donor.
Old Kingdom. c.2570-2544 BCE. Expresses authority of the Egyptian ruler. Figures head is grand and intimadating. Khafres head is embraced with wings of Horus to symbolize divine protection.
c. 1348-1336. Given curving forms that give the scene intimacy. Nefertiti sits on the same level of Akhenaten symbolizing equality in the Amarna period.
Predynastic. c. 3150-3125 BCE. Narmer himself appears as a symbol-a horned bull, victorious over an enemy's fortifed city. The union of egypt is joined by two serpentine necks of lions. It was a votive (gift to gods.) Has hierarchical scale.
old Kingdom. c.2681-2662. King Zoser commissioned Imhotep to design and construct a funerary complex at Saqqara. The architectural climax was a large step pyramid a solid structure made for the use of smaller mastabas (benches).
Old Kingdom. c.2601-2515. Made as grave sites for the necropolis (city of the dead.)
from left to right: Menkaure, Khafre, Khufu.
c.1390-1352 BCE. Luxor Temples are among the largest religious structures ever built. Played important roles in religion and politics. Especially the annual festival of Opet, a 24 hour day celebration of the new year when the Nile was at full flood.
c.1294-1212. The type of construction used for hypostyle hallsand colonnaded courtyards is known as post lintel,the post being the vertical supporting member, usually a cylindrical column, and the lintel being the horizontal member, often known as the entablature.
c. 1400 BCE. Provides egyptian approach to representation. Completeness and clarity were demanded of the egyptian painter, for anything not clearly included in the tomb painting would not be available to the ka in the afterlife.
c.2100-1750. He is depicted erect and is seated in a yoga position. he could be Hindu god "Siva" (lord of animals) thought to have procreative powers, or it may represent the chief with concerns for appeasing the wild kingdom.
c.1750-1450 BCE. The fresco depicts a ritual or ceremonial even held in the central court of the palace at Knossos, in which trained athletes grasped the horms of a charging bull.
c.1800-1300 BCE. The remains of palaces indicated that the royal residences were combined with administrative offices, servants quarters, and ceremonial and storage rooms. At Knossos, rooms r in a labyrinth design with additional rooms built in.
c. 1800-1550. It remains mysterious, but the snake brandish woman may represent a goddess, perhaps the earth mother or devotee.
c. 1300-1200 BCE. Limestone. The scale of the relief and the stylized yet subtle animation of the lion's bodies proclaim the heraldry of royal power.
c. 1300-1200 BCe. Stone. Myceanean kings were buried in round tholos tombs accompanied by their treasures, including weapons. The tomb shown here is remarkeable for its size and the precision of its cut stone blocks, some of weigh several tons.
c.1550-1550 BCe. Gold. The gold funerary mask was probably faced over the face of a deceased king.
c.1200. Bronze. Found in the tomb of lady Hao. Its undisturbed chamber yielded a tremendous amount of magnificent tomb belongings.
c.1200 BCE. Jade. From the tomb of Lady Hao. Lady Hao seems to have retained cultural afflication with her non-Shang parent culture, as evident by the Jade Hawk.
c.883-859 BCE. Seems to have intimidated visitors-especially foreign ambassadors- before they entered into the presence of the Assrian King. The threaten content is in the stone, its high polish emphasizes its density, & details in wings give form
Assyrian from the North Palace. Assyrain Kings strength in battle or in sport. The king is victorious once he is surrounded by dying animals.
Royal Audience hall. 500 BC. In middle eastern tradition, a fierce beast is represented attacking a domestic animal. They probably symbolize Persian power and victory, or political conflict.
900 BCE. La Venta, Mexico. Every head has a different expression, perhaps depictions of dynastic rulers. The importance of commemorative sculptures that convey the qualities that justified leadership is evident in later Mesoamericans.
900-600 BCE. Representing an abstract jaguar mask for their jaguar god.
c. 1000 BCE. Serpentine. Jade.
Middle Formative Period c.900-600 BCE. Laventa was deliberately destoryed in ancient times, 24 of the 40 sculpted monuments were intentionally mutilated. It was a powerful&holy place bc it was sacred bc of its inaccessibility.
c.525-500. Terra-cotta. The works original function was as a sarcophagus suggest the Etruscan relatively content and reconciled outlook on death. It suggest a respect for women unknown in Greece and rare in other early cultures.
c.510-500. Fresco. In the tomb of Hunting and Fishing a profusion of wildlife guarantees success in the hunt; above, the deceased (and perhaps the living) are shown banqueting.
Greece. c. 520 BCE Archaic style marble. The greek figure represents an athletic ideal and demonstrates a new understanding of the organic nature of the human body.
c. 510 BCE. Marble. The function of early female figures seems to vary; those found in cemeteries were probably dedications to the deceased, while those found in shines represented the goddesses hera or Athena.
c.460 BCE Bronze. Zeus pose expressed perfect physical development of the god and his complete physical control , while his severe facial expression complements the aggressive action.
c.447-438 BCE. Pentelic marble. This temple was built for Athena, goddess of wisdom and protector of Athens, was built after Persian wars. Parthenon means "maiden." Parthenon was the name given to the room in a home where unmarried virgin lived.
Want to see the other 40 Flashcards in Images?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!