What were the main reasons the Dutch colonized the East Indies?
spices, silk, cotton, coffee, etc
new markets, trade system
What effect did the occupation of the East Indies by the Dutch have?
took control over economy & government
monopoly over spice trade
brought country into economic crisis
rule slowly transitioned to direct rule
What were the economic motives behind imperialism?
Europe had limited supply of resources to feed factories
needed to find new sources of ores, minerals, agricultural products to keep factories growing
imperialsm was the means to secure them
What were the social motivations behind imperialism?
"The Missionary Impulse"
felt they needed to "civilize the pagans"
worked to convert people to Christianity, westernize/civilize them
How did nationalism help to motivate imperialists?
many people felt that the people of their nation had a unique character
wanted to share it with the world
show they were the best
imperialism provided an outlet
What did imperialism, militarism, and nationalism lead to?
By 1900, there was an ill-advised competition marked by tension, distrust, and arms buildup. Conflict over imperial possession, alliances formed in case of war. Led to WWI. Some countries wanted war for the advance of nationalistic ideas.