Opened in November 1869 after 10 years of construction, it allows ships to travel between Europe and South Asia without navigating around Africa thereby reducing the sea voyage distance between Europe and India by about 7,000 kilometers
Second Industrial Revolution
The Second Industrial Revolution, was corresponding to the latter half of the 19th century until World War I. It is considered to have begun with Bessemer steel in the 1860s and culminated in mass production and the production line.
a colonial government in which local rulers are allowed to maintain their positions of authority and status
European nation-states had become very powerful because of industrialization and because of the organizational efficiency of the nation-state.
joined uprising against Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz
in 1913, he led an army of several thousand irregular soldiers, siding with future provisional president Venustiano Carranza, in revolt against dictator Victoriano Huerta.
The first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron prior to the open hearth furnace.