Each person has a jiva: each jiva contains part of God,. God is in Jiva, Jiva is in God. Same jiva travels through countless lifetimes progressing through animal life forms. Eventually gets to human, then tries to progress to being "one with God."
Nearly 3,000 castes.
Most common are "Untouchables or paraiah"-serfs (Servants?)-merchants-warriors-priests
Duty: Moral obligations of each caste
attained by overcoming illusion, the spirit proceeds to merge with God.
All gods are manifestations of THE God. Universal cosmic force, etc.
Destruct, create, fertility, wrath mystical dance
RAMA AND KRISHNA ARE AVATARS
elephant god of wisdom + worldly success
Sucked up demon blood and is mother goddess
Heaven and Arjuna's father.
Longest book--5,000 plus pages, about warring cousins (pandavas + and kurus -)
Main focus on Arjuna. Contains Bhagavad Gita- convo between Krish and Arj.
Most important religious script. Krish. and Arj. Conversation
City at junction of rivers. HOLY!! 108 temples. Stairs to Ganges.
Holy river. 60,000 people a day bathe. 30,000 corpses in ganges in 2008. 120x more contaminated than sage levels.
Extreme edge. Inflict pain on oneself.
chandragupta started it-capital at pataliputra
good guy--leader, pillars, et. al.
Divine Faith (mix of religions)
Taj Mahal. Wealthiest leader, built red pyramid and taj in honor of his wife.
Longest dynasty, same area as shang
Confucious: Great philosopher...
first general dynasty--oracle bones and decapitated servants buried with master, etc.
leadership and obedience to those who rule.
elder brother-younger, etc.
150 years after confucius, compiled all of his works etc. in the ANALECTS. Dialogue format
humans are out of sync with nature. Every other living thing is in sync with nature, except for humans. Teaches that stress comes from conflict.
The way, the way of nature, the way of the universe etc. A person must yield his ego to the dao to attain harmony and peace. Promotes a non-competitive attitude.
Tao Te Ching
Some of the most complicated works in any religion. Very contradictory.
To have one you must have the other, they complement each other.
Buddhism in China
Entered China during the Han Dynasty. Brotherhoods were created: huge monasteries. Monks = no sex, families, etc.
nearly 100,000 buddhist statues cut into the cliffs.
the 3 philosophies
Gods of the 5 directions (NESW and Center), shang di, buddha, nature spirits, ancestors, five activities (water, fire, metal, soil, wood)
Belief that if you can control the trigrams you can control nature.
numbers 1-9, supposedly what the Gods use to control nature.
No go. If you find something that contradicts current science it is cast out.
: Panoramic views of landscape, painted on silk or scrolls. With black ink only, fine pointed brushes, change in color created by change in pressure.
Shih: Rhymed couplets. 4, 5, or 7 words/syallbles?
artistic writing; a window in to one's soul
WEIRD. instruments made of string, metal, bamboo, wood, string, clay, stone.
Ruled by Qin Shih Huang Di.
First emperor of china. United the North and South
Standardized weights and measures, uniform writing symbols, law code. Great Wall(s) of China. Slept in 270 palaces. massive tomb with terra cotta warriors.
Supposedly 7500 life size warriors in all shapes and patterns. Colored individualy and intricately.
HAN DYNASTY: CRITICAL FOR TEST
Chinese classical age. Same time as Rome. Heavily influenced chinese today. "Han Ren"
Han had best education system. 3 competitive tests to get in.
Merit Test (To become governmental official. Many based on Confucius)
invaded northern China. At least 1 million people fled the north -> the south to aviod nomads. From this they gained: TEA, and RICE
Reunified China. Built great canal (Connected yellow and yangtzee)
(bejing and hangzhou)
Largest dynasty. Wealthiest, most populous plce at the time. Capital at Chang An.
was the world's largest city in he 700 ADs. Streets as wide as football fields. Bery well planned out.
Emperor's palace ahd palaces within palaces, deluxe gardens, libraries, gardeners, reception halls, etc.
People of the Felt Tents. Nomadic sheep herders. Excellent Horsemen
Conquered the largest contiguous Empire Ever.
Genghis Kahn: Military Genius
His horsemen could fire up to 6 arrows a minute while galloping. WHILE GALLOPING!!!
hated cities. Loved terror. he destroyed to the ground nearly 80 large cities.
Like Kawarzan. They killed his amabassadors (just 2) so he killed, raped, and maimed every person in the city. That's a lot of death.
His life story is recorded in the "SECRET HISTORY OF THE MONGOLS"
Conquered Russia, raided easter europe. His death may have saved europe.
Grandson of Genghis. He conquered China. Mongols Ruled China from 1279-1368. He was big into palaces and cities unlike grandpappy. Took care of peasants, scholars with food storage, money, agriculture for peasants, etc.
He tried to conquer Japan. Japan is the one place where the Mongols were defeated.
Fantastic Memory. Child Prodigy. Spent a lot of time with KUBLAI. When he was imprisoned during the venetian war he told the story of the mongols to a prisoner who recorded it. Called "TRAVELS OF MARCO POLO
MING DYNASTY: CRITICAL FOR TEST
DEFEATED THE MONGOLIAN EMPIRE UNDER DIRECTION OF A former BUDDHIST PRIEST IN 1368. Deal? Created the Forbidden City. HUGE armada with ships 400' by 170'.
250 acres of palaces, libraries, plazas, etc. ONLY FOR THE ROYAL FAMILY. the roofing was done in gold.
The emperor of the Ming Dynasty and creator of the massive armada and forbidden city. When he died his fleet of 100 ships was destroyed, which allowed Europeans to conquer the world.
Largest wooden sailing ships ever constructed. Some ships had up to 9 masts and were 400' by 170' = way big. Admiral Zheng he/Cheng ho was in charge of the armada. Sailed all over the indian and chinese oceans trading. Beat Euro by 80 years!
Confucius guide lines became conservative laws. Extreme emphasis on tradition. Great importance placed on the male patriarchs of the family. Harsh Laws on disobedient children. Kid could be beheaded. Foot binding started from this.
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