PMUS 1001 8/27/2009 Indian Wars and Witch Hunts Portents: message of some impending disaster (ex: eclipse) *European Christians continued to practice folk religions. (ex: using astrology) -very few religious authorities in America Challenges of Settlements Difficult journey was spiritual --tried to conquer nature *Errand into the wilderness Pequot War (1637) ? Narragansettes, Pequots English colonists sought alliance with Narragansettes Attacked Pequot village 700 pequots died; 100 English colonists died 2 month war 1638-Treaty of Hartford Ended Pequot War Took land *use garden or vineyard as metaphor for Christianity. Natural Wonders and Divine Will Pace of migration to New England slowed. New fear: New Englanders had lost sight of religious mission. King Philip?s War (1675-78): Indians with guns attacked New England towns. -killed 600 colonists Jeremiads: essays or sermons that served to warn against declining faith and what could happen to unfaithful communities. -most people who wrote them were ministers Salem Witch Trials (1692) 150 people were jailed, 31 were convicted 19 were hunt, 1 was pressed to death, 2 died in jail The rest were let go Witchcraft was a serious part of fold belief Cotton Mather ? Massachusetts minister Advised judges in Salem witch trials The Wonders of the Invisible World (1693) Wrote that witchcraft outbreak happened because Puritans were godly people that settled in the Devil?s territory May 1780- skies were dark, cold, not an eclipse People searched for divine messages Believed god was punishing them
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