Burke Act ? 1906 Control of lands held in trust by federal government instead of state President can extend 25 yr holding period Competency If deemed competent 25 yrs can be reduced Competent = assimilated Incompetent = unassimilated Ended blanket conferring of citizenship Had to wait until end of 25 yr period Anderson v. Matthews ? 1907 Indian Board of Cooperation Ethan Anderson Pomo Indian California Sues for right to register to vote as a non-reservation Indian Supreme Court of California agrees Non-reservation given right to vote Indian and Oklahoma territories 1907 Territories combined Oklahoma State ? 46th state Indian Territory ceases to exist Winters v. United States ? 1908 Water rights case BIA requests Dept. of Justice to file suit Protect water rights of Fort Belknap Reservation in Montana Dept. of Justice wins case Water rights protected Will become precedent for future cases Indian Agent ? 1908 Commissioner Francis E. Leupp Abolishes job of Indian Agent Meant to increase the process of assimilation
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