Important End-of-Semester Info Today is the last day of lecture I will let you know when paper grades are up on Blackboard PLEASE CHECK YOUR GRADES and let me know if you are missing any Office hours on Wednesday, May 4 from 1:30 to 2:30 pm Final Exam: Monday, Dec. 15 from 12:10 to 2 pm in our regular room Final Exam will NOT be cumulative Indigenous Religions Day 3 Facts About Yoruba Religion Yoruba religion originated in Western Africa, in modern-day Nigeria / Benin Republic It travelled to the Americas with African slaves, and is now practiced in many distinct forms in different parts of the world, such as Santería (Cuba) and Candomblé (Brazil) There are approx. 30 million Yoruba people in Africa, and many more who practice Yoruba religion around the world The Yoruba Homeland Yoruba Cosmogony At first there was only sky and water Olodumare sent Obatala to create the earth, which he did using sand and a hen Obatala named the place where he first touched down Ife; it is considered to be the sacred homeland of the Yoruba people When Obatala became lonely, he created human beings out of clay; then Olodumare gave them the breath of life The Orishas ?Owners of heads? The Yoruba pantheon of spirits or gods Natural elements are among the Orishas There are hundreds of Orishas, but a few of them are especially important Each person is believed to come into the world accompanied by an Orisha, who is the ?owner of their head? and their protector/guide throughout life; an individual?s Orisha must be divined Olodumare and Obatala Olodumare ? The Supreme Being A deity of pure spirit, without gender The creator of all life Considered to be too important/busy to interact with humans Obatala ? Father of the Orishas Played an important role in creation ?Owner of all the heads?; connected to all humanity Wears a white robe; associated with purity Obatala Yemaya, Shango, and Elegba Yemaya ? The Mother Goddess Loving mother, associated with the ocean In some traditions, fused with the Virgin Mary Shango ? The Sky Father Warrior god of thunder and lightning Associated with male power and sexuality Elegba ? The Trickster The messenger between the human and divine worlds The god of crossroads and beginnings Yemaya Shango Elegba Yoruba Beliefs It is the destiny of all to become one with Olodumare, the Supreme Being; to accomplish this, one?s spiritual nature must be elevated toward transcendence Elevation is achieved through harmonious living and sincere veneration of the spirits Reincarnation ? It may take numerous lifetimes for one to reach transcendence Egungun ? Ancestral spirits who have made the transition to the spiritual realm but may still help or harm humans Yoruba Ritual Spirit Possession Egungun Ceremonies Ancestors try to improve the community?s behavior Rites of Passage Naming Ceremony for newborns Names are considered to have great significance Objects/food used have symbolic importance Ifa ? Yoruba divination arts Babalawo ? Yoruba priests/shamans ?Father of the secrets? The Babalawo uses divination to help individuals heal and overcome misfortune Yoruba Naming Ceremony
Want to see the other 15 page(s) in Indigenous Religions Part 3?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!