Identify what made the League of Nations ineffective.
America never joined. There was no military and no way to enforce.
Explain how the Treaty of Locarno and Kellogg-Brand Pact gave many a false sense of hope about preventing future wars.
The promised the allusion that there was going to be peace in Europe and declared war illegal
Explain why the division of the old Austria-Hungary Empire in some ways was no better in preventing future conflicts in comparison to leaving the empire intact.
Some people had been moved from parts of the country and did not approve. They wanted to form new nations or gain back territory.
Key points of Sykes-Picot Agreement.
Britain didn't get any land but still supported, but Russia got Constantinople and the Russian Straight. (division of the middle east).
Key points of Balfour Declaration.
Britain promised to support Jewish homeland in Palestine.
Key points of San Remo Conference
Middle eastern lands, class a mandate syria and Britain. France got Syria, Lebanon, Mesopotamia, and Jordan. And Israel got Great Britain.
What is fascism?
Political regime. Highly centralization of government. (17 characteristics).
What are the Blackshirts and how actions appealed to average Italians?
Military wing using violence to break up strikes. They were from Italy and worked with Mussolini and anti-socialists.
Corporatism and list policies of PNF
Alternative to socialism, capitalism. Ruled by selected group chosen to represent. Usually a smaller group.
What was the March on Rome?
Where Mussolini and 30,000 people tried to gain power and control government by holding a large march. However, Mussolini and a lot of his men didn't even participate in the march but were riding on a train the whole time.
What Acerbo Law was and how it was used to dismantle constitutional restraint.
Changed the way seats in parliament were so that you only needed 1/3rd of the votes to pass something. Fascists could pass anything they wanted even without the majority.
Lateran Accords and Key points.
Mussolini vs. Pios 11th. the Vatican got sovereignty and Mussolini got the Catholic Church and recognition.
Lands Italy gained/controlled in forming new Roman Empire.
Greek islands of Cofur, Ethiopia, and Albania.
Give example form Franco's history of brutality and describe how he is controversially seen in Spain (esp. Morocco and Guernica).
He wiped out entire villages just to kill one person. Guernica weren't Spanish, but Franco just didn't like them. There are areas in Spain that are still "enemies of Spain".
Contrast the competing sides in the Spanish Civil War, including foreign countries/groups who intervened.
It was the Nationalists vs Communists or Franco, Germany and Italy vs the Soviet union, Britain, France, and America.
Explain the Falange, Organic Laws and the Decree of Unification.
It was the Spanish Fascists Party, and it took away, claimed the war was over and power was underneath Franco.
Explain the differing points of view of Stalin, Lenin, and Trotsky on the spread of communism.
Stalin believed it was the first step to revolution. Lenin believed the revolution needed to be permanent, and Trotsky believed that time had passed and they needed to make sure they were safe with what they had in the soviet union.
Give examples of similar tactics used by Stalin (USSR) and Hitler or Mussolini.
They all used propaganda and some form of secret police.
Describe the 5 Year Plan (goals, actions, and results).
To transform USSR from agrarian state to (farm to modern)
Describe significance of Holomodor.
Genocide in Ukraine that lead to mass starvation and lots of deaths.
Describe the significance of Magnitogorsk.
A massive steel and iron factory that produced and still produces to this day a lot of pollution.
Explain how Stalin's purges may have contributed to the German invasion of the USSR.
It led to a lot of damaged officer core which weakened leadership.
Describe the Liberty Law.
Wouldn't follow the Treaty of Versailles.
"Living space" people needed more.
Describe the following.
Brownshirts: Hitler's defense force. Former soldiers from WWI.
Mein Kampf: Hitler's journal "my struggle".
SS: Guards of Hitler.
Gestapo: Secret police
Der Giftpilz: Children's book (propaganda)
Hitler youth: Training children (German male youth organization) Girls later on. soldier training .
Describe how each of the following helped Hitler rise to power.
Hermann Goring: 2nd man
Joseph Goebbels: in charge of propaganda
Hemrich Himmler: Head of SS and Gestapo (kill man)
Julius Streicher: newspaper about bad stories of Jews.
Leni Riefenstahl: director of movie that glorified Hitler (Nazi documentary)
Describe the impact of The Beer Hall Putsch.
Hitler's failed attempt to overthrow the government (when he got sent to jail) but showed his power because he didn't get the full consequences.
Describe the major impact of Reichstag Fire and Decree.
A fire that was started and blamed on communists.
Describe the impact of the Operation Kolibri/Night of Long Knives.
Hindenburg declared Marshall of Law if riots on the street. Hitler used SS to kill SA to satisfy Hindenburg.
Describe the impact of the Enabling Act.
Gave Hitler the right to enable laws. He is a dictator now.
Describe the impact of the National Citizen Law.
Series of laws of Jews to where finally the Jews couldn't be citizens.
Describe the impact of the Nuremburg laws and Kristallnacht.
frist agressive act towards Jews. synagogues destroyed start of Holocaust.
Give examples of how Hitler and Stalin's paranoia caused them to kill even people who were helpful to them.
Identify the only person who stood in Hitler's way of power and what happened to him.
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