role of mass media in democracy -can only get a voice if you have the money to get on TV issue advocacy: no rules or regualtions without the words "vote for/against" dominating companies on TV: CBS, Disney, GE, etc.
Wk.8 reading: Cultural Imperialism
Galeota - 17yr old SA winner. - rooted in American ethnocentric desire to find foreign markets -globalization forces countries to endure American imperialism via capitalism
LeGrain -British Economist -globalization increases freedoms and gives choices -"you can like foreign things and still be a patriot"
Wk 7 reading: Will the World Be Able to Feed Itself?
Brunel -YES - over-production, root cause of hunger is poverty -food supply as regional issue -need focus on new agricultural policies in developing countries
BRown- NO - overproduction. root cause of hunger is poverty -heavy emphasis on pop. growth -climate change, economy and other issues lead to over consumption; must solve these issues as well
Wk 6 reading: Do IFI's and MBC's exploit the Developing World?
Stiglitz- YES varying definitions of globalization corps. only focus on issues that pertain to their capital success with these corps. is from the country's governments having most of the control
Bhagwati- NO overly emotional corps. do more good than harm should build up struggling countries, not solely deal with India and CHina for benefits
Corporations post 1900
shift from elite ppl to elite groups companies over merchants state sponsored development corporate limits group can accumulate wealth w/o same risks as an indivudal (SC case 1886)
principles and assumptions of new markets
1. econ growth is the path to human progress (GNP) 2. free market is efficient potimal for allocation of resources 3. econ globalization leads to greatest good 4. privatization best strategy 5. govt supports through law
1. monopoly on "legitimate" force/violence 2. control over and benefit from economic life 3. promote religious unity
Interested in wealth, trade, commerce and consumption of goods and services
Homogeneous citizenry needed (propaganda, glorified history etc.) 1. promote us & them dynamic 2. promote common culture 3. demand allegiance
History of Nation-States
Fall of kings through crisis of "legitimacy" Enhanced unity needed
Future of Nation-States
1. transnationalism - mobile laborers have lives and ties to more than one country (many host countries want labor and goods, not people to immigrate) 2. corporations - decline of state power, rising as new policy entities, new actors in a new context 3. Emerging power players/alliances - (WTO) groups to advance global econ. make policies, protected by govts 4. NGO's- neoliberal push for less gov't work with public to provide services rather than the government
CULTIVATION OF CROPS LAND INTENSIVE/ STRONG KNOWLEDGE NEEDED SUBSISTENCE, SOME EXCHANGE
(LEAP IN TECH)
IRRIGATED/PLOW AG PRODUCTION
LABOR INTENSIVE MORE PRODUCTION CONTRALIZED SOCIO-ECONOMIC STRUCTURES SUBSISTENCE AND SURPLUS (TAXES, TRIBUTE)
CAPITALIST AG PRODUCTION
EXPANSION OF TRADE (16-18c) GROWTH OF URBAN POP FOOD AS COMMODITY/ COMMERCIAL ENDEAVOR CONCENTRATION OF MP (MEANS OF PRODUCTION)
AG AS SIMPLY ANOTHER SECTOR OF ECON/BUSI. LINKED TO DEMAND, NOT NEED.
1. ENERGY INTENSIVE 2.CAPITAL INTENSIVE
SHIFT IN WHAT GOES INTO AND OUT OF FOOD PRODUCTION PIMENTEL AND PIMENTEL (1979) -KILOCALORIC ANALYSIS NOT ABOUT EFFICIENCY MOD AG FOCUSES MORE ON PRODUCTIVITY
THE GREEN REVOLUTION
40/50'S - INITIATIVE TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY IN PERIPHERY SPECIALIZED CROPS HYV'S, EIV'S, GEV'S WEALTHY FARMERS BENEFIT, POORER FARMES EXCLUDED
FOOD AS HUMAN RIGHT
ECONOMIST AMARTYA SEN -NPP(1998) HUNGRY PPL ARE RESULT OF FAILURE OF "ENTITLEMENT' PROCESS RIGHTS TO: PRODUCTIVE LAND, LIVING WAGES, RELIGIOUS OR MORAL CHANNELS, STATE WELFARE PROGRAMS
ECON DVLPMT AS CURE
BRETTON WOODS INSTITUTIONS (WB, IMF, GATT)
1.ECO DETERMINISM (GNP AS ONLY VALUE OF SOCIETY) 2. WESTERN CULTURE AS YARDSTICK 3. TOP-DOWN APPRAOCH
THE GRAMEEN BANK- MUHAMMED YUNIS INTERDEPENDENCE AS GOAL SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT
1. NOT FROM PRODUCTION 2. FAMINE ISNT MAIN CAUSE 3. NOT FROM OVERPOPULATION
PPL HAVE ALTERED ENVIRONMENT FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS
1.RESOURCE DEPLETION 2. POLLUTION (INDIRECT) US USES 25% ENERGY, 25% CARBON EMISSIONS, KIDS 280X MORE DAMAGE THAN HAITIAN CHILD
TECH LEADS TO INCREASED LEVELS GROWTH DEMANDS INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY PUSHES CONSUMER PATTERNS MORE PRODUCTION-MORE RESOURCE USE- MORE POLLUTION
TRANSFORMATION; NOW CHEAP TO PRODUCE- 10C- SPECIAL ARAB MEDICINE 16C- NEW PRODUCTION/NEED/DIET SLAVE LABOR, FOREST CONVERSION, PROCESSING POLLUTION BUILDING BLOCK OF CONSUMPTION
TASTES AND WASTES
TASTES DRIVE PRODUCTION LEVELS AND ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE WREAKS HAVOK THROUGH WASTE (ESP. IN PERIPHERY) LAWRENCE SUMMERS- "ECONOMICS" OF EXPORTING WASTE TO PERIPHERY DOES UNDER-USE SUBSIDIZE OUR OVER-USE?
DISEASE & THE CULTURE OF CAPITALISM
1. RESIDENCE PATTERNS 2. MOVEMENT PATTERNS 3. CONSUMPTION PATTERNS
CLOSER HUMAN CONTACT CON INCREASE EXPOSURE
NEW AND/OR DISTANT PLACES CAN INCREASE EXPOSURE
DIETS (PROBLEMS OF HUNGRY & FULL ALIKE)
H/G CONCERNS: ANIMAL-BASED DISEASE (RABIES, ANTHRAX, BOTULISM, ETC.) INSECT DISEASE (MALARIA, YELLOW FEVER) AG POP CONCERNS: MORE CONTACT WITH NEIGHBORS, VERMIN, EXPOSURE TO WASTE PERMANENT DOMESTIC ARRANGEMENTS (COOKING, MEASLES, SMALLPOX, DIPHTHERIA) ION SURPLUS/COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION FOCUS - LESS VACCINATIONS IN US THAN MEXICO, CHINA, ALBANIA
PLAGUE, TB, CHOLERA, SYPHILIS, LEPROSY
POVERTY AND DISEASE
MEDICINE AS COMMODITY MEANS POOR PEOPLE LEFT OUT CURES/PRODUCTS FOR POP WITH $ 1,233 NEW MEDICINES PATENTED 75-98 (1% TROPICAL DISEASES) "THE POOR HAVE NO CONSUMER POWER, SO IN THIS WAY THE MARKET HAS FAILED THEM" -ORBINSKI 98% OD DEATHS ARE COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN PERIPHERY
CULTURE OF CAPITALISM MAKES YOU SICK AND DEPRESSED AND THEN CAPITALIZES BY SELLING US THE "CURES"
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