Inmates are generally housed in dormitory-like settings & are free to walk the yard _______-Security institutions.
What state became the 1st in modern times to re-institute the use of prison chain gang?
All death-row inmates are held in ____ prisons.
The majority of this country's jail inmates are
members of minority groups
Operational capacity is
The # of inmates a prison can effectively accommodate based upon management considerations.
Most states use a(n) ______ system to assign inmates to custody levels.
A ____ is a facility that holds convicted offenders & unconvicted persons for relatively short periods for up to one year.
Death-row inmates are placed in minimum security institutions.
Inmates in maximum-security prisons are generally housed in dormitory-like settings.
Prison language is also called
An enclosed facility separated from society both socially and physically, where the inhabitants share all aspects of their daily lives is called a
Prison slang for informant
Inmates skilled in legal matters are known as:
The majority of women who are in prison or jail are there for
non-violent drug & property crimes
Correctional systems can prevent the transmission of AIDS through
The document filed in the juvenile court alleging that a juvenile is a delinquent is called a
A child who has no parents or whose parents are unable to care for him is called a
Children who purchase cigarettes, buy alcohol, & are truant are
Mary, a juvenile, breaks into Bob's apartment and steals his TV. Mary is called a ______ child.
Teen court is an alternative approach to juvenile justice in which alleged offenders are judged &/or sentenced by a
jury of their peers
Most sexual aggressors in prison consider themselves homosexuals.
Inmates have a reasonable expectation of privacy in their cells under the 4th Amendment.
2/3's of incarcerated women have minor children.
A juvenile court is any court that has jurisdiction over matters involving juveniles.
A juvenile who commits a status offense has also committed a crime.
Which sentencing goal is closely associated w/the phrase "an eye for an eye"?
Which sentencing goal attempts to make the victim "whole again"?
Cooperating with the authorities, good character, and no prior record are ex. of _____ factors
____ deterrence seeks to reduce the likelihood of recidivism by a convicted offender.
Generally, a presentence investigation report (PSI) is prepared by a:
A victim-impact statement is
usually a written document describing the suffering & trauma experienced by the crime victim.
Americans are less likely to support the death penalty
if they believe innocent people have been put to death.
What is the primary tool of the just deserts model?
The opposite of aggravating circumstances in sentencing is
hat method of execution is used in most states?
Research indicates that rehabilitation works. Most offenders do not commit additional crimes after serving their sentences.
Specific deterrence seeks to reduce the likelihood of recidivism by convicted offenders.
When a prisoner is executed the Constitution demands that all risk of pain be avoided.
Which is not a function of a probation or parole officer's work?
assistance to prosecutors by conducting arrest & investigations
A sentencing alternative that requires offenders to spend at least part of their time working for a community agency is known as
Probation is ordered by the
Which type of sentence requires that offenders serve time in a local jail before a period of supervised probation?
Which of the following sentences is a prisoner reentry strategy?
Who makes the release decision when an offender is sentenced to shock parole?
the parole board
What is often described as the strictest form of probation for adults in the U.S?
intensive supervision probation
When an offender violates the terms of his parole & is returnded to prison, it is called
Most federal probation officers may carry a firearm for defensive purposes while on duty.
A probation officer does not need a search warrant or probable cause to search a probationer's residence.
Because federal probation officers are not law enforcement officers, they have no authority to arrest.
Working as a probation or parole officer is attractive because of the small caseloads and several opportunities for career mobility.
Courts that have the authority to review a decision made by a lower court are said to have
The Supreme court has limited jurisdiction. 9 justices serve on the court. The Supreme court is the highest court in the federal system.
True statements about The U.S. The Supreme Court
Bob had his wallet stolen while he was eating lunch at a university cafeteria. When the man who stole his wallet was caught, Bob opted to resolve the disagreement informally. the disposition of his case was Probably heard at a
One purpose of ____ is to help ensure the reappearance of the accused at trial.
third-party custody; release on recognizance; conditional release
alternatives to bail
The dual-court system consists of
state and federal courts
Does not occur at the 1st appearance
A defendant has the opportunity to cross-examine witnesses
release on recognizance
results in the defendant's release based on a guarantee that defendant provides in writing.
Bob cosigned all of his stock holdings to the court. What type of bail did he post?
When a defendant "stands mute" at her arraignment, she is considered to have entered a
not guilty plea
A nolo contendre, or no-contest plea, at arraignment is different from a guilty plea in that it is not an admission of guilt.
Two types of courts function in the American criminal justice system: state & federal courts.
there are 12 U.S. Supreme Court justices
All of the following are considered professional in the courtroom work group except
Which work group member has the responsibility of demonstrating to a jury that a defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt?
The most widely used system of indigent defense is
public defender programs
All of the following are outsiders to the courtroom work group except
Which is not a type of juror challenge?
challenges for knowledge
A motion for____ aks the court to move the trial to some other location to ensure the defendant receives a fair.
change of venue
The____ is a two-sided structure under which the American criminal trial court operates that pits the prosecution against the defense.
A jury that is isolated from the public has been
Juries in most states are composed of how many members?
Prosecutors are required to assist the defense in building its case by making available any evidence in their possession.
Suspects have the conditional right to represent themselves.
If a defendant refuses to testify at trial, the prosecution can tell the jury this is an indication that the person is guilty.
Want to see the other 75 Flashcards in Intro to Court?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!