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On Wednesday nights, Joshua attends meetings for Young Life, a Christian-oriented youth group, with his friends, and church on Sunday with his family. This is an example of shared _____ within Joshua’s culture.
Sociology is defined as the:
Systematic study of society and social interaction.
Which of the following men coined the term positivisim, and is widely considered the father of sociology?
Please define C. Wright Mill’s sociological imagination.
While examining the recent mortgage crisis, a sociologist would consider all but which of the following factors?
The process of simultaneously analyzing the behavior of individuals and the society that shapes that behavior (or, the concept that the individual and society are inseparable) is referred to as:
Jeremy wrote an essay criticizing the college admissions process, arguing that heavy competition and limited educational resources make admission difficult for the average student. Which perspective would Jeremy’s argument fall under?
Alona is examining the impact of the 2011 Penn State scandal on student morale and school spirit by distributing number-scaled surveys in her Introduction to Sociology class. Alona is employing a _____ research method.
____ believed that societies grew and changed as a result of the struggles of different social classes over the means of production and greatly favored ____.
Which theorist claimed that people rise to their proper level in society based solely on personal merit?
_____ view society as a structure with interrelated parts designed to meet the biological and social needs of individuals who make up that society.
Qualitative sociology can be defined as:
Political science teacher Mr. Jones asks his students to study how social media can influence public opinion by “following” famous activists, academics, and politicians on Twitter. While reading and exchanging each other’s Tweets, some classmates became close friends. The first is an example of the project’s ____ function, the second is an example of the project’s _____ function.
Max Weber, Georg Simmel, and Karl Marx were all advocates of:
After weeks of protest in Zuccotti Park, NYC’s “Occupy Wall Street” divided into two camps: one composed of higher income protestors, and one composed of lower-income protesters. A ______ would be most interested in the relationship and nature of day-to- day exchanges between the two groups.
Weber’s proposal of antipositivism influenced sociological researchers to ______ while examining different social worlds.
a. A religious belief
b. A law
c. A custom
d. All of the above are social facts*
Verstehen is defined by the text as:
Alexis wants to research the 1960’s feminist movement. She reads articles from the time period, watches documentaries, reads scholarly journals on the topic, and interviews influential women from the movement. What kind of research method is Alexis using?
Reliability is defined by the text as:
John wants to study whether a larger number of laptops available to students at his school lead to higher grades. Choose the independent and dependent variable.
Quincia is studying how of the lack of comprehensive sex education is affecting a small, rural town in North Dakota. She spends two months in the town, observing and interviewing the townspeople. Quincia is conducting a(n) _____.
A class of third graders is told that the assistant principal will be visiting their class to confirm their teacher’s reports of bad behavior. When the principal visits, the students behave perfectly. This is an example of ________.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a sociological hypothesis?
Kendra is researching the effects of vitamin C on test-taking ability. Before the exam, Kendra gives group A orange juice, and group B water. Group B is the ______.
The term interpretive framework can be defined as:
Tyson is researching whether actors on prime-time television and hit movies negatively impact teenagers’ body images. He is going undercover at a local high school to observe and participate with the students to better understand the world they live in. Tyson is conducting which research method?
Which of the following is an example of nonreactive research?
Miguel is doing a research paper on New York City’s Stone Wall riots of 1969. He visits the scene of the riots, interviews people who were there, reads the police reports of the event, and watches video footage. Miguel is conducting a(n) ______.
The term value neutrality is defined by the text as:
Kyle is collecting newspaper clippings from his grandfather about the American public’s perception of World War II. This is an example of ______.
Which of the following is an example of an unethical sociological research practice?
In order to better understand the sorority pledging process at her university for her sociology thesis, Carmen pledges with a popular sorority. This is an example of _____.
In the late 2000’s, Ugg Boots became a major fashion fixture, sported by everyone from celebrities to college students. The Ugg boots craze is an example of a _____ trend within the United States.
Elise travels across Thailand with her friends and, to her surprise, finds the country quite unlike the United States. “I hate the food,” she tells her family at home. “I hate the language, I hate the weird customs and awful music. America is clearly the best place to be.” This is an example of _______.
Which of the following is an example of a learned custom?
a. Marrying for love
b. Shoving and pushing on the metro
c. Greeting an acquaintance with a handshake
d. All of the above*
A cultural universal is:
Which of the following is an example of a cultural universal?
Kurt and Mitch visit an Amish village on a class trip. “Let’s see if we can round up some old radios and appliances and drop them off for them later this week. I think they’ll appreciate it. They just don’t understand what they’re missing.” Mitch rolls his eyes. Kurt’s perspective is an example of _______.
Which of the following is an example of cultural relativisim?
Angelica visits Thailand with her family. When she wears short-shorts and tank tops while visiting a series of temples during her first week, she is met with hostility from the locals. She feels she no longer knows how to behave or interact with those outside her family. Angelica is experiencing _____.
The term values can be defined as:
A culture’s standard for discerning what’s good and just in society.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a formal norm within the United States?
Mores may carry serious consequences if violated; folkways do not.
The term language can be defined as:
MTV’s widely-watched TV series The Jersey Shore is an example of _____, while the obscure works of playwright Sam Shepard are an example of ______.
Which of the following is an example of a counterculture?
In 1999, Sean Fanning, John Fanning, and Sean Parker invented Napster, a global, free-of-charge, peer-to-peer music sharing program. Prior to Napster, no such program existed. The three men created _____.
In the early 2000’s, The L Word and Queer as Folk debuted on Showtime. Both shows depicted the lives of members of the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) community, thus giving viewers a glimpse into a ______.
The football team throwing a slushy in Finn’s face because he tried to join the Glee club.
During her first day of kindergarten, Marie does not understand how the lunch line in the cafeteria works. She hesitates and watches as the older kids pick up their trays and silverware and then get in line. She follows their lead and successfully buys herself lunch. Marie’s experience in the lunchroom is an example of _____.
How the actions of society help shape personalities throughout the eight basic stages of life.
Bobby came home from school crying because the other kids in his class were calling him stupid. His mother tried to console him, but he really started to believe that he was stupid. Charles Cooley would say that this is a classic example of _______.
a. It teaches children facts about the world in which they live.
b. It teaches children how to interact with their peers and helps them to gain social graces.
c. It teaches children how to react to authority and how to behave in group and one-on-one situations.
d. All of the above*
a. The status quo has been maintained for a substantial period of time, and now the economy and government are undergoing significant changes.
b. Many young people are in the same situation, so drawing expertise or knowledge from their experiences from peers is difficult.
c. Finding a job, renting an apartment, and being independent is a daunting task that seems insurmountable.
d. All of the above*
Tyson visits China over spring break, and after getting online to write home to her parents, she realizes some of her favorite social media sites are blocked by the Chinese government. She becomes concerned with how technology reinforces inequalities among communities, both within and among countries. What sociological perspective best fits Tyson’s concerns?
Caleb attended a private high school, which gave each student access to a personal laptop and iPhone. Ted attended a poorly funded public school, which had few computers and outdated technology. When Caleb gets to college, he’s more prepared than Ted for coursework which includes computer and online material. This occurrence is an example of:
Which of the following is an example of planned obsolescence?
After the floppy disk was introduced, zip drives were invented shortly after, followed quickly by flash drives. This is an example of:
Last week, a major politician was caught in a political scandal. The story was featured on the front page of the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, CNN.com, and was the lead story on NBC, ABC, and CBS nightly news. This is referred to as:
The term technological diffusion is defined as:
Which sociological perspective sees technology and media as a tool individuals use to express how much wealth they have?
How has advertising revenue significantly changed in the past few years?
Which of the following is NOT an example of new media?
The term media globalization can be defined as:
The term panoptic surveillance is defined in the text as:
A form of constant monitoring in which the observation posts are decentralized and the observed is never communicated with directly*
In 1983, 50 corporations owned the majority of mass-media outlets. Today, the majority of mass-media outlets are owned by how many corporations?
This is a product of ___.
From the functionalist perspective, which of the following is a function of social media?
a. Life changing function
b. Social norm function
c. Entertainment function
d. All of the above*
The term cyberfeminism is defined by the text as:
Sandy is standing in line for Kanye West tickets. The line wraps around the block, spilling into the streets and crowding store windows. Sandy is part of a(n):
What is the difference between a primary group and a secondary group?
Which of the following is an example of an in-group/out-group dynamic:
When Michael starts high school, he joins the basketball team. He begins to look to his teammate friends for cues on how to behave at dances, in the hallways, and even in the classroom. Michael’s basketball team is serving as Michael’s _____.
A total institution can be defined as:
Grace works in at an advertising agency. Grace’s coworkers help her complete presentations, contact clients, and assist her with research. Her coworkers are serving a(n):
An instrumental leader:
Christine is president of her Improvisation Comedy Troupe. When making decisions about booking gigs, rehearsal spaces, and call-times, Christine leaves the troupe to decide for themselves. Christine is a(n) _____ leader.
Solomon Asch concluded that one reason people conform to a group is because they believe:
The United States Government is a form of:
The McDonalidization of Society refers to:
Kellan wants to shop at Express for the new school year, but because all of his friends shop at Pacific Sun, Kellan does as well. Kellan’s behavior is an example of:
The concept “reference groups” can be defined as:
A famous socialite is court-ordered to enter a rehabilitation center to eliminate her drug addiction. The socialite is about to become a member of a:
Justin enrolls in a local community college so he can one day become an engineer. Justin is about to become a member of a:
Which sociological pioneer performed an experiment in which he showed a group of participants a paper with three lines on it, all varying in length, and asked them to compare the lines?
When Kevin backpacks across Europe after his high school graduation, he is surprised to find Burger Kings, H&Ms, and even Wal-Mart stores in the foreign cities. This is an example of:
In the 2010 film, The Social Network, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg was portrayed as a leader who was goal-oriented, issuing orders and assigning tasks. Which of the following leadership styles did Zuckerberg likely use?
The term meritocracy is defined by the text as:
A bureaucracy where membership and advancement is based on proven and documented skills.
Until 10,000 years ago, the basic structure of human society was based on _____.
Karl Marx’s Communist Manifesto is based on the ____ perspective.
____ societies relied on permanent tools for survival, and expanded due to innovations such as crop rotation and fertilizer.
Which of the following is an example of self-fulfilling prophecy?
The Agricultural Revolution is often referred to as “dawn of civilization” because:
Please place the following societies in chronological order:
Ivanka Trump is the daughter of business mogul Donald Trump. Her role as heiress to the Trump fortune is an example of ______.
Functionalist Émile Durkheim viewed society as:
On the first day of high school, Kaitlin overhears a group of girls calling her “goth” and “emo.” She soon begins to don more black clothing, dark makeup, and seek out friends who dress the same. This is an example of ______.
Which of the following is an example of organic solidarity?
Alienation is defined by the text as:
The condition in which the individual is isolated and divorced from his or her society, work, or sense of self.
Which of the following is one of Marx’s four types of alienation?
A judge and her gavel. A cop and his gun. A lawyer and her power suit. A ____ would be most concerned with the parts these objects play in impression management.
Durkheim defined ______ as the communal beliefs, morals, and attitudes of a society.
As industrialization began to boom, Durkheim believed people were more susceptible to anomie because:
a. Collective norms are weakened.
b. Society no longer has the support of the collective consciousness.
c. Specialization of labor lead to alienation.
d. All of the above*
Karl Marx asserted that the means of societal change existed in the tension between:
The concept anomie can be defined as:
Which of the following is an example of role strain?
Charles Cooley’s concept of the looking-glass self hypothesizes that:
The term institutionalization can be defined as:
Ally’s father was sent to prison when she was 12 for the trafficking of narcotics; her brother was arrested when she was 13 for possession of methamphetamines. By the age of 18, Ally has been arrested three times for possession of marijuana. Which theory best describes Ally’s experience?
The term deviance can be defined as:
What is the difference between a violent crime and a hate crime?
Jake receives a promotion at his law firm after winning an important case. This is an example of a:
Which theorist studied the power elite, and the influence they had over society?
The term crime can be defined as:
Functionalist Émile Durkheim believed some deviance within society was:
Necessary; it challenged people’s views.
Which of the following is not a branch of the U.S. Criminal Justice System?
The term secondary deviance can be defined as:
When a person’s self-concept and behavior begin to change after his or her actions are labeled as deviant by members of society.*
Which of the following is an example of a negative informal sanction?
As of 2008, how many adults in the United States are in jail or prison?
Social control is:
Bernie Madoff, recently sentenced to 150 years in prison for creating a ponzi scheme which caused clients to lose millions of dollars, engaged in which form of crime?
True or False: Deviance is always considered a crime?
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