Mexican Workers confederation. Founded in 1936 under President President Lázaro Cárdenas del Río. Most important union body in Mexico.
President Avila Comacho
1940-1946, post World War 2, protected the working class. Revolution turns to industrial and large scale agriculture.
1942-1964. between the United States and Mexico, the importation of temporary contract workers from Mexico to the United States. Had a big impact on the United States in WW2 creating a massive labor shortage.
Institutionalized Revolutionary Party; early to mid 20th century; Avila Comacho; won most of the mexican elections
President Lazaro Cardenas
1934-1940; Populism era; PRI (Institutionalized Revolutionary Party), helped end a lot of rebellions after the war
PEMEX National Petroleum Company
1938; helped mexico become one of the largest oil exporters of the world
idea and movement pressing for a greater social and political role for the people of the americas. Early 20th century, big when Cardenas was in power. Jose Vasconcelos
Miguel de la Madrid
involved in the PRI; 1982-1988; introduced liberal economic reforms and caught the attention of the international monetary fund. And entered the GATT to reform mexico's economy
Presdent Carlos Salinas de Gotari
1988-1994; affiliated with institutional revolutionary party; he negotiated the north american free trade agreement (NAFTA) with the US and canada.
1994-2000; Mexican economist and politcian and he was eventually the president. Part of the economic crisis in mexico: the tequila effect
1994; sudden devaluation of the mexican peso; HUGE ECONOMIC CRISIS
President Vicente Fox Quesda
2000-2006; part of the neoliberal Mexico; first president elected from an opposition party.
President Falipe Calderon
2006-2012; member of the Partido Accion Nacional; current president of mexico
From '06 to present; estimated over 30,000 individuals have been killed by drug trafficking violence to present.
President Marshal Manvel Deodoro da Fanseca
1889-1891, First president of the Republic of Brazil; disestablishing the Empire of Brazil;
Vice President Marshal Floriano Pexioto
1891-1894; Vice President under Fraseca, and eventually became the 2nd president of Brazil. Responsible for the start of their Republic
President Prudentede Morals
1894-1898; 3rd president of Brazil; first civilian political and first by direct election. Part of the coffee growing oligarchy
1904; time of civil disorder, super unhealthy environments lead to many diseases and the need for vaccines. Controversy about the vaccines lead to violence and such though out the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Applied science or bio social movement which advocates the use of practices aimed at improving the genetic composition of a population.
Brazil: Early 20th century- tried to use this the "whiten" the population
modern thought, character or practice. Began with the "week of modern art" (1922)
-combined nationalist tendencies with an interest in European modernism
Obligatory Military Conscription Law
1916, people started getting drafted into the military. Brazil
Modern Art Week
1922, brought on Modernism in Brazil; coalesced and and defined the movement of modernism and introduced it to the Brazilian society at large.
Brazilian Communist Party
1922, the oldest political party still active today. Created a unified resistance against dictatorship. The fall of the USSR lead to the fall of communism in Brazil and they had to change to Socialist People's Party
President Getulio Vargas
1930-1945, 1951-1954. Elected President of Brazil first as a dictator and then later democratically. Brought into power after the Revolution. "developmentalist" wanted Brazil industrialized w/ government intervention.
1941, chosen as the place of a new steel mill in the middle of WW2 which marked the base of Brazilian industrialization.
"the people" vs. "the elite"; urges social and political system changes.
Beginning of the 20th century where many of the influential leaders emerged, very important factor in the Revolutions.
race relations in Brazil.
Adhemar De Barros
mid 20th century; built the social progressive party in Brazil, known to be corrupt but was responsible for advances in social legislation and infrastructure
Brazilian journalist and politician. 1940s-1950s. Did not like the government of
Vargas and demanded his overthrow.
1964; US should have correct relations with the governments of Latin America as long as they allowed the US to invest on a non-discriminatory basis and as long as they opposed the Soviet Union.
President General Castelo Branco
1967-69; military dictator in brazil, promoted government intervention
President Arthur de Costa e Silva
1967-69; second president of brazil during the military regime, against communism; institutional act 5
Institutional Act 5
1968; fave the president power to dismiss the National Conference, strip politicians of their offices of power, institutionalize repressive methods of rule against left wing parties and individuals.
1960s; Christian movement in political theology; readings of Jesus Christ
-moral reaction to poverty caused by social injustice.
Brazilian Economic Miracle
1967-1975; military rule had a commitment to industrialization and the economy grew explosively. Calmed down the middle-class
President Fernando Henrique Cardoso
1995-2003; president of Brazil; lowered inflation. Resulting in things like the tax system and social security improved
Seanz Peña Law
1912; Argentina; established the universal, secret and mandatory male suffrage through the creation of an electoral list
1919; series of riots and massacres that took place in Buenos Aires.
-led by anarchists and communists
President Juan Domingo Peron
(1946-1955); President of Argentina;"peronism" witnessed the rapid unionization of the country's industrial workforce.
Import Substitution Industrialization (ISI)
mid 20th century; trade and economic policy that advocates replacing imports with domestic production.
-intention of helping countries become more self-sufficient and less vulnerable by creating jobs and relying less on other nations.
1982; War between Argentina and Great Britain for the Falklands. Initially had great support and then the soldiers quickly surrendered resulting in military defeat and a real election in 1983
Agrarian Reform Law
1959; sought to break up large land holdings and redistribute to those peasants who worked it, who cooperated it, and the state. Led to more land reforms in the Cuban revolution
1960; Led by Kennedy ; a secret program of propaganda, psychological warfare and sabotage against Cuba to remove the communists from power.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
1961; failed attempt to invade southern Cuba to overthrow their government. Cuba was waiting with armed forces.
Cuban Missile Crisis
1963; US spy planes saw nuclear missiles under construction and demanded Russia to withdraw the missiles and they agreed only if the US does not invade Cuba.
1992; made economic embargo on Cuba more intense, prevented food and medicine from being shipped to Cuba.
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