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Yes, real question is when
Technology, inventions, concepts, and knowledge are advancing so fast that it is simply an
Information technology is firmly based in
Information technology (IT) is the study, design, development, implementation, support, and management of computer-based information systems, particularly _______ and ________.
Without ______, a computer is just a plastic box of microchips and wires.
People use computers and are called the
Smarter people will have a decided advantage over those who mistakenly assume a computer is
Information technology _______, everywhere.
__________ is the knowledge that enables a person to understand something. ________ towards information technology plays a pivotal role towards gaining computer competency.
A computer should never be thought of as a mysterious box with a mind of its own, it is plainly a tool whose boundaries are only limited by the ___________ and ___________ of its user.
Critically thinking people have the ________ to understand a task can always be done better and more efficiently, and this same thinking can be applied to business computing as well.
_______________ is a way of thinking that involves analysis and evaluation and includes considering all possible outcomes in order to form a solid decision.
In business, ___________ is a management process, technique, or method that is most effective at arriving at a desired outcome, or best outcome than any other process, technique, or method.
An ___________ in computing is something with a practical use and expected outcome. _____________ to accomplish a task can be counterproductive to the learning process.
______ are by far the best resources when learning a computing system.
_________ one of the founding fathers of Intel made the astounding observation in 1965 called Moore’s Law.
If a business purchases a microcomputer today, in eighteen months, there is a microcomputer available that is
Another term for a leader is a
Some organizations hold off buying new technology and wait for it to improve from its original version and also deciding there is no competitive advantage to be gained. These businesses are called
How does the pharmaceutical company know if they will get a competitive advantage?
Today’s astounding technology with promises of competitive advantages can be tomorrow’s
To prepare for a career in business, it becomes important to understand information technology and its
It’s a misnomer to think you need to know _______ about IT.
It’s a misnomer to think you need to know everything about IT.
_____________ is the tangible or physical aspects of a computer, like circuit boards, chipsets, and keyboards.
________ rarely changes during the life of a computer, but certain components can be added on to enhance its power and usability.
___________ are massive room-sized computers that process and store enormous amounts of bulk data and information, and are typically used by very large organizations like credit card processers that employ them for transaction processing and vital applications.
Mainframes require a huge amount of
________ computers (sometimes called minicomputers) are less powerful and smaller in physical size than mainframe computers, but do many of the same things, simply on a smaller scale.
___________ are smaller than mainframes and midrange computers, and are so common that they are most commonly referred to as simply computers, and sometimes just referred to as a box.
They are the least powerful computer in terms of processing and come in three typical configurations; A _______, ________, ________, ________.
Handheld computers often referred to as _______ _______ _______ are compact, but far less powerful than desktops or laptops.
A computer is made up of _______ and uses _______ to make it work.
Hardware is the physical part of the computer and _______ is collection of computer programs that accomplish a specific task.
When a computer is turned on, hundreds of routines, or programs execute to carry out technical details that make a computer run properly and begin to become useful to the end-user, and typically, with no ______
The most important aspects of system software is that an operating system is enabled and becomes a ______ for _______ _______ to work.
An _______ _______ is the software that manages the resources of a computer, like memory and application programs.
__________ software does not work without _________ software or an operating system.
An _______ ______, often called a ________ is a collection of computer programs working together that manage the hardware and software of a computer so they work properly.
Some of the more popular platforms in today’s market are ____________, _______, _______, and _______
One of the most important jobs of an OS is file management; a way ___________ to the memory of a computer.
Operating systems are made up of a hierarchy of ________, typically called ________.
Microsoft Windows represents its file management system visually with a ________________ environment.
A ____ _______ is a part of an operating system that a computer uses to display the filing system.
When a computer can run more than one process at a time it is referred to as _________
_______________ is a type of memory that allows data to be accessed in any order without physical movement of the silicone media.
________ _______ is memory the operating system uses to coordinate, track, and efficiently allocate the use of CPU cache, registers, RAM, and disk storage.
____ _______ is non-volatile, secondary storage that is recorded to a physical device, like a hard drive or optical disk with a read/ write apparatus.
The ____ __________ _____ directs the read/ write arm of the hard drive to where data exists and accesses it upon the user’s request.
___________ ________ performs particular tasks people need, like creating a budget for accounting or supply chain, creating a resume, or making a professional presentation for a business proposal.
Application software is extremely powerful, and often ______________ by most computer users.
Commercial application software has been developed by hundreds, even thousands of people and is constantly evolving to meet the infinite needs of the end-user, so the chances of application software not fulfilling a user’s needs are _____
The most commonly used application software in business are _____, ____ __________, ____________, _________, ____________ ________, and _______ __________ ________.
Other common application software in business is a _______ to access the Internet. ________ are the programs that enable a computer to work.
There are two basic categories of software; ___________ software and ______ software.
Application software is designed to serve the user and carry out whatever task ____________, like create a document or a spreadsheet.
Business computing software is concerned with four basic applications; ___________, ____ __________, _________, and ____________ ________ many times sold as a software suite, or application suite.
Software suite manufacturers like Microsoft who makes Office 2010 know it can be more __________ to buy suites as one large package than to buy software individually.
________ towards application software is as important as is it when learning a computing system.
Commercial application software on today’s market are simply astounding tools, often _______ ______________ by most users.
Simply concluding that word processing software only creates, edits, and updates documents like resumes and contracts would be closed-minded and ultimately a _______
An important and very powerful characteristic of a productivity suite is the capability to __________ between application software.
Productivity suites offer three ways of sharing data and information. The most basic is ______
The second and third method of sharing information and data is called _____________ Object embedding is static, and only _________
Object _______ is similar to object embedding, but differs in one very important way. Object linking is _______.
A ______ _________ is an application software used to create, compose, edit, format and print documents.
_____ _______ is another very powerful word processor that allows a user to create, edit, format and print portable document files (PDF) and has enormous business implications.
____________ is an electronic grid of columns and rows often used to create, model, and manipulate numerical and often financial information.
Many businesses would argue that spreadsheets are the most powerful and useful business application software because of its ability to model financial information and perform _______ analysis.
____________ software is a collection of related files called tables that consist of records (rows) of data separated by fields (columns) that can be queried to produce subsets of information.
___________ is used to present information in a slide show format. Presentations are usually displayed on-screen, and often are projected for an audience.
__________ are software that allows a user to view the Internet and the World Wide Web.
________ software allows computers to communicate with each other.
Browsers also include __________, which are a clickable navigation element that lets the user navigate from one web page to another.
A ____________ is simply two or more computers connected together for resource sharing and communication.
_________ refer to computer files, folders, software, and also peripheral hardware like printers, scanners, webcams, etc.
It requires ____________ and ___________ to truly leverage its vast potential, and in the business environment where stakes are high, the smartest and brightest typically win.
You don’t have to be an expert at system units, just an _________ when they relate to business.
The system unit is the main body of a computer, containing a __________
The system unit is the inner workings or insides of a computer, essentially everything inside the _____
Purchasing ten computers can be a daunting decision, so a misinformed choice can be ___________ to a business.
On the inside of a microcomputer, the core component is the ___________ commonly referred to as the __________.
A motherboard is the primary ___________
A circuit board, sometimes called a _______________, is a logical and economical way to replace what would be loose wiring by applying copper wires directly to a sheet of non conductive plastic.
Contained within the microprocessor is the __________
The ______ is what gives a microcomputer to ability to be programmed.
A microcomputer’s speed is measured by ________, which is the cycles per second that a computer can perform its most basic tasks, measured in _________
The first truly useful personal computers processed _ bits at a time, eventually doubling to __ bits, then __ bits, and then to __ bits.
Microprocessor manufacturers are constantly trying to improve processing speed, and one novel way is through the development of ______________, which are simply many chips encased on one chip package working together.
________ architecture chips are designed for efficiency, and were the first 64 bit processors.
__________ are the pathways (or roads in our analogy) that transfer data and power between components inside of a computer, and sometimes between computers.
Bus lines are measured in ________
A two state system on a computer is called ________
Binary means something is made up of two parts, and in a computer, either a "_" or a "_"
When eight bits are combined, they become a ____.
A PSU is typically converts 100-120 volt or 220-240 volt __________ current to a lower voltage ______ current that can be used by the internal components of the system unit.
There are two types of memory;
______ holds information electronically stored on a computer like data files, programming, and software.
In a computing system, primary storage can be analogized as what a ____________ and secondary storage is the location in which a ___________ when they are finished.
Data and information pre-loaded on a computer that requires no user interaction is stored in ________ storage.
In the “motherboard as land” analogy, primary and secondary storage are like _________ and _________
Primary storage can be analogized as a place inventory (memory) is _________ before it is put away and secondary storage is where inventory (memory) is ______ after processing.
Because RAM has no moving parts and can be accessed in any order, it is extremely
RAM is _______ memory, which means it does not retain its data and information after the computer is turned off.
All data and information in RAM must be saved to _________ if it to be retained.
The programming information to perform this startup task resides in a chip called a
CMOS does not lose its contents and is therefore _________ memory.
Since the programming on ROM chips is unchangeable, they are sometimes called
Secondary storage is _________ which means it retains its data and information even when the system unit loses power, and is somewhat slower than primary storage as it does not have a direct connection to the microprocessor.
Motherboards have expansion slots to receive
In the system unit, a _______ is a specific outlet that serves as a connection, or interfaces between a computer and other devices like digital cameras, keyboards or printers and provide signal transfer, or communication between the computer and the device.
Ports use a system called __________ which is designed so a device automatically works when it is plugged in to a system unit, which has not always been the case.
Devices that plug into computer systems units can be categorized as either an input device, or an output device, and are often called
A computer understands only one real language called
_______ is data and information that enters a computer system and is __________ for processing.
______ is data and information that exits a computer system and is ________ for a human to comprehend.
When a computer provides data and information to an end-user, it is called ____
When a computer is powered up, hundreds of system software programs automatically run to configure the computer so it operates as it was intended. One of the main tasks of these system programs is to load the
A job or task a computer performs is called a ____
________ is small, very quick memory because it stores copies information and data from the most regularly used parts main memory.
is primary storage. A type of storage that allows stored data to be accessed in any order without physical movement of the storage media.
________ are extremely fast very small amounts of memory used to quicken the implement action of computer programs by providing access to commonly used calculated values.
___________ is memory the operating system uses to coordinate, track, and efficiently allocate the use of CPU cache, registers, RAM, and disk storage. Virtual memory is actually a technique that lets application programs like a spreadsheet use fragmented pieces of memory and makes it easier for large applications to use physical memory.
_______ is non-volatile, secondary storage that is recorded to a physical device, like a hard drive or optical disk with a read/write apparatus.
A sort of table of contents for the disk is called a _______
Microsoft Windows® represents its file management system visually with a ________
Files are displayed in a _______, in a computer system, sometimes called a tree. A hierarchy is a way to rank and organize files.
Computers that are not connected to any other computer are referred to as _________
Operating systems need to be able to offer networking, and do so through a set of rules called
Operating systems are in charge of ____________ that are computer programs that allow peripheral hardware devices like printers or scanners to interface with a computer system and work properly.
___________ refers to a computing system or device that performs a dedicated function.
___________ is when software’s source code or programming is open to anyone who cares to access and perhaps even modify it.
The software developer’s main asset is her ____________, essentially her innate ability to create business solution software that is better than anyone else can produce, or at least good enough to be very profitable.
Once a product or software for instance is accepted by the market it’s called
Leading and following are considered ___________, and one is not better than the other, although each has its advantages and disadvantages.
An _________ is the most important system software, without which application software cannot exist.
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