February 18 Count Basie & Duke Ellington Count Basie’s rhythm section: piano, guitar, bass and drums were heralded as one of the best in the history of the music. Their playing in the 1940s established the role for each of the rhythm section instruments, and continues to influence how jazz rhythm sections play to this day. developed a style that worked well with other instruments, rather than a style where one instrument takes over all the others. Composition vs. Arrangement- know difference on quiz. Identify definition of each In general, composition refers to the most basic elements of the song - melody, harmony and form The term arrangement refers to how a specific band plays a song. The arrangement dictates who plays the melody, who plays the accompaniment, what type of accompaniment pattern is used, how many choruses the band will play, and many other considerations. Soli A solo is a melodic line played by a single instrument A soli is a melodic line played by a group of instruments. They are often used in jazz big band arrangements, and are most often written by the song’s arranger. A specific type would be a saxophone soli Shout Chorus In a big band arrangement, the shout chorus is the climax of the arrangement. It typically occurs toward the end, and features all of the instruments of the band playing together. In a Mellow Tone Composed by Duke Ellington Arranged for the Count Basie band Like the original Ellington arrangement, this arrangement features a saxophone soli and shout chorus- they begin at 3:09. Cute Basie’s arrangement of the tune “Cute” is a feature for his drummer... in this case Sonny Payne Payne performs the entire track using wire brushes instead of sticks to play his drum set. the brushes not only create a softer sound, they also open up a wide array of special effects not possible with sticks. Splanky Signature Basie number from his classic album “The Complete Atomic Basie.” Tune title sounds like Basie’s piano on the first chorus of the melody. The form for Splanky is Blues Form. The melody is played twice then the tenor saxophone improvises for 2 choruses. Full band plays shout chorus for 2 choruses, the melody is played one chorus, then the shout is repeated one more time, with a classic Basie “Splank, Splank, Splank” ending. Duke Ellington Arguably the most significant American composer of the 20th century composed more than 2000 pieces including songs, short pieces for his band, 10 musical shows, movie scores, sacred music, and orchestral music including a piano concerto, several operas and two ballets. Concerto for Cootie Written to feature Ellington’s great trumpet soloist Cootie Williams Williams uses a variety of techniques to get different effects. The mute used on this performance was a standard toilet plunger. He also growls into the trumpet while playing and performs various types of shakes. This piece was later re-worked by Ellington and became the song “Do Nothin Till You Hear from Me.” Warm Valley Features solo by Johnny Hodges on alto saxophone Hodges was an essential element of the Ellington sound. He played the 1st part or lead voice in the saxophone section. be sure to go between this and Little Darling, they sound about the same!!! Cotton Tail Ellington composition based on the form of Gershwin’s “I Got Rhythm” Saxophone soli section begins at 2:04 Brass section joins for shout chorus at 2:36 Tenor saxophone soloist is Ben Webster, one of Duke’s star soloists. Ko-Ko Medium Swing ‘Tricky’ Sam Nanton solos on muted trombone (plunger mute) with the rest of the trombone section playing short punchy accents behind him. Quiz starts at 0:33 Short chorus begins around 147 and starts by trading between the horns and the great Ellington bassist, Jimmy Blanton. Daybreak Expres Ellington brilliantly uses the badn to create the sound of a train, first leaving the station, then barreling along, then slowing again to stop at the next station. Lil’ Darlin Neal Hefti arrangement One of the band’s biggest dance hits of the swing era The tempo is referred to as a walking ballad I Can’t Stop Loving You Arranged for Basie by Quincy Jones Drums play a “shuffle” beat throughout know all bolded terms plus songs for quiz!!!