First sociologist? The study of the group is more powerful in understanding human behavior than either biology or psychology.
Max Weber (2)
"Ideal Types" - groups whose members share characteristics and can be studied as a single unit.
Also discussed groups defined by "status" vs. groups defined by "class" (economic status)
Sociology is a passionate curiosity about the interactions of people.
C. Wright Mills
Sociology studies the intersection of biography (personal troubles) and history (social issues) to provide insight into both.
The "reflexive" self (american psychology is born) --> part of 19th century Utilitarianism
suicide - it is not really individual but instead socially determined
Theory that "deviant behavior" results from the conflict between "shared values" and "unequal distributions"
Family roles: although many people believe that men working outside the home and woman not working is normal, in fact it is a recent social invention that didn't last long because like every other society before ours both parents have needed to work for money in order for families to survive.
What is "Self" --> the individuals self is the sum total of all they can call theirs. Material, Social, Spiritual
Charles Horton Cooley
What is the social basis for the self'd formation? -> The Looking Glass Self: 1. we imagine how we seem to others 2. we imagine how they judge us 3. we experience a visceral reaction.
George Herbert Mean
What is the social basis of individual action? We perform "social actions" in response to other's actions after considering the symbolic meaning of their actions and ours.
The self and social roles --> everyone is always playing a role (self = mask). The self is constituted by the individual's conception of his roles on the social scene and the status accorded to those roles.
Dramaturgy - combines the thoughts of Cooley and Mead to say the self is the product of dramatic interaction between actor and audience.
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