Native American & Anishinaabe Culture Objectives: -Native Americans - Native Americans -There are 564 federally recognized American Indian tribes and Alaska Natives in United States. -4.1 million Native Americans (1.5% of total population) -What constitutes an American Indian or First Nations? -Go by bloodline?have to be over one quarter. -Only people in the world that have to prove their bloodline -Tribal sovereignty -You have your own government -Tribal council: legislative -Tribal judicial courts: judicial -Fire station, police department, health care, etc -Have to adhere to federal laws. Do not have to abide by state laws, but by federal laws -Loose tribal sovereignty -Have to write constitution to be federally recognized, and get funding, land, etc. Anishinaabe -The Original People Michigan Tribes Bay Mills Chippewa Indian Community Brimeley, MI Grand Traverse Bay Mascots For: -Honor -Respectful -Promote culture -Positive awareness -Pays tributes to Natives. Against: -Mockery -Loss of culture -Sacred teachings -Represent a person?s spirit -Exploits ethnic or minority peoples -?Kill the Indians? Mascosts -Native people are the only group of living people used as mascots in professional sports (NFL, MBL, etc.) -?This is a human rights issue, we are being denied the most basic respect. As long as our people are perceived as a cartoon characters or static beings locked in the past, our socio-economic problems will never be seriously addressed.? -Micheal S. Haney (Seminole) -Found out that he knew very little of the culture; just dances and such the college made up. Said after he found out. Bugs Bunny: -Stereotypes: -Brown skinned -Big nose -No shirt American Indian Movement: -Treaties that were broken in the past be brought back and made right. -Right to own religion. Mass Media Images Mascots in K-12 Schools ?Native mascots and symbols are all that the kids at school know about my people, and they make fun of me for following traditional ways. These fake images make me fill sick inside. They make fun of who I am. They imitate and mock our sacred feathers, dance, and music. We honor our leaders, not use them as entertainment.? -Wayne Crue, 12 years old (Shoshone-Bannock) -?We don?t want to go to practice today; do a rain dance for us.? -Images: -Stereotype: Native Americans fix everything through peace pipe, smoking, etc. -In actuality, Native Americans only use peace pipes during certain ceremonies. -Comic: While Male: ?It?s time to reclaim America from illegal immigrants!? Native American: ?I?ll help you pack.? -Originally, America was open to everyone. But then the Europeans started forcing out the Native Americans, then Asians, etc. Quota system. -Native Americans didn?t have citizenship until the 1920s. -When Native Americans gained the right to vote: lynched, because vote wasn?t wanted. -The Darthmouth Review: ?The Natives are Getting Restless!??Indian scalping someone?from 2006. -Article made headlines, on CNN?was pulled; cover changed. -Scalping originated from U.S. government. Indians traded for weapons, mimicked what the others were doing. CMU -?______ (Football Player) Rules the Chippewa Nation!? poster?disrespectful; ruling a nation. -?Most spirited Chippewa fan? contest add; fade-paint, not even maroon and gold (it was red and white). Traditional Dancers -Black paint Pow-wow at CMU: -Last weekend -52 nations present. -5 beats: out of honor and respect for ancestors. Tribal Newspaper/Media -Indian Country Today: National news; most widely distributed newspaper -Tribal Observer: Local: 2% grant, local information -2% grant: schools are eligible, government is eligible, non-profit organizations are eligible -Currents -Mazina?igan: Lake Superior -Tribune -Tribal College Journal of American Indian Higher Education -Anishinabek News -American Indian College Fund -High drop-out rate; education seems to be lacking. Local Resources -CMU Native American Programs -Clarke Historical Library -Elijah Elk 7th Generation -The Ziibiwing Cultural Center -Tribal Library -Native American Journalism Association -Bureau of Native American Affairs
Want to see the other 3 page(s) in JRN_380_3_30_Notes.doc?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!