Written legal arguments made by interested parties in an attempt to sway the judges making the decision
Class Action Law Suits
Occur when many persons suffer the same damage
The ability of the courts to interpret the words of the framers in the constitution. (Marbury V. Madison)
What the framers meant when they wrote the constitution. What they wanted the words to convey.
Grounds broken, and ideas set forth by past cases, that lay the framework for cases to come. * Stare Decisis
When a senator will send the president a list of three or four recommendations to help him choose a judge for a district court.
In law, standing or locus standi is the term for the ability of a party to demonstrate to the court sufficient connection to and harm from the law or action challenged to support that party's participation in the case.
Marbury V Madison
formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution. It was also the first time in the world that a court invalidated a law by declaring it "unconstitutional."
is the power of a court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts. Most appellate jurisdiction is legislatively created, and may consist of appeals by leave of the appellate court or by right.
Judicial implementation is the application of the court orders that are obligatory and those who do not follow can be held in contempt of court
justiciability in American law seeks to address whether a court possesses the ability to provide adequate resolution of the dispute; where a court feels it cannot offer such a final determination, the matter is not justiciable.
a statement by a fed court declining to rule in a case cause:
Cons has committed decision-making on this subject to a coordinate branch of the federal government
inadequate standards for the court to apply; or
prudent not to interfere
Precedent cases in which a rule of law has been established by interpretation of the law or the facts in the case Supreme Court Justices are not absolutely bound by precedent since they are the ultimate interpreters of the law
The task of the Office of the Solicitor General is to supervise and conduct government litigation in the United States Supreme Court
the process of interpreting and applying legislation. Some amount of interpretation is always necessary when case involves a statute. Sometimes the words of a statute have a plain and straightforward meaning.
Us V Nixon
was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision. It was a unanimous 8-0 ruling involving President Richard Nixon and was important to the late stages of the Watergate scandal. Dealt with Executive Privilege.
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