The variety of programs, services, facilities, and organizations responsible for the management of individuals who have been accused or convicted of criminal offenses.
A mutual transfer of resources based on decisions regarding the costs and benefits of alternative actions.
A system of government in which power and responsibilities are divided between a national government and state governments.
A facility authorized to hold pretrial detainees and sentenced misdemeanants for periods longer than 48 hours. Most Jails are administered by county governments; sometimes they are part of the state government.
An institution for incarceration of people convicted of serious crimes, usually felonies.
Actions and practices, of individuals and institutions, designed to induce conformity with the rules and norms of society.
Public-service workers who interact directly with citizens in the course of their work, granting access to government programs and providing services within them.
A complex whole consisting of interdependent parts and whose operations are directed toward common goals and are influenced by the environment in which they function.
A method of applying scientific knowledge to practical purposes in a particular field.
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