Directly covers the kidneys and can readily be stripped from the surface of the kidney.
(except in some conditions that cause adhesion due to scarring.
A false capsule
Important in staging renal cell carcinoma
Defines the perirenal space which containes the kidney, adrenal gland, ureter, gonadal artery and vein and perirenal fat
Common method for reducing portal hypertension
Diverts blood from the portal venous system by creating a communication between the hepatic portal vein and the IVC.
Can also connect the splenic vein to the left renal vein after a splenectomy (splenorenal anastomosis)
Any fat located outside the perirenal space
Most abundant posterolaterally
Anterior of kidney faces anterolaterally.
LEFT KIDNEY: Upper pole at T11. Related to ribs 11 and 12
RIGHT KIDNEY: Upper pole at T12. Related to rib 12
Hila of both located 5 cm from the median plane.
Concave medial margin where these structures come out anterior to posterior:
1. renal vein
2. renal artery
3. renal pelvis
Continuous with the Renal sinus
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