1. Who was the first native-born American artist-naturalist from the New World?
• William Bartram
2. Who was William Bartram’s father?
• John Bartram
3. What was John Bartram?
The King’s Botanist (for George III)
4. What flower is this and who painted a picture of it?
• John and William Bartram discovered the Franklinia (Franklinia alatamaha). William Bartram painted the image of the Franklinia.
5. Where was the Franklinia discovered?
• It was discovered along the Altamaha River in Georgia.
6. What flower is known as the “Lost Tree” and why?
• The Franklinia because it was not found in the wild after the Bartrams collected it and brought it back to their garden.
7. Who was the Fanklinia named after?
• Ben Franklin
8. “Kindred Spirits” was a eulogy for whom?
• Thomas Cole
9. What are the Values of Wilderness?
• Protection of Natural Areas • Maintenance of habitat • Recreation • Scientific research
10. TRUE OR FALSE: Henry David Thoreau represents transcendentalism – individual as rebel against the established orders of society.
11. What two public land survey systems are used in Louisiana?
• Township & range and French arpents • **NOT Parish Boundaries**
12. How many years of lobbying were spent for the National Wilderness Act?
• 20 years [Big Compromise; 2 years for Yellowstone]
13. What is the name of this painting? (picture of 2 guys standing on rock looking down waterfall)
• “Kindred Spirits”
14. Who painted the picture "Kindred Spirits"?
• Asher B. Durand
15. Who are the two men in this painting?
• Thomas Cole (the painter) and William Cullen Bryant (the poet)
16. Who founded the Hudson River School of Painting?
• Thomas Cole
17. What was the interest of the Hudson River School of Paintings?
• It had an interest in realistic depictions of nature and a desire to celebrate distinctly American scenery. The artist of the Hudson River School played an important role in helping Americans see and appreciate nature and wilderness.
18. Where was Thomas Cole educated?
• He was educated in Europe. (born in Lancashire, England)
19. What was the title of the series of 5 paintings created by Thomas Cole?
• “The Course of Empire”
20. What 5 paintings comprised “The Course of Empire”?
• The Savage State- Just the picture with rock. • The Pastoral or Arcadian State- Rock again but with few people. • The Consummation of Empire- The town over the water with people. • Destruction- Fire • Desolation-Abandoned
21. TRUE OR FALSE: In 1820, 9 paintings out of 10 were landscape paintings.
• FALSE: In 1820, 1 painting in 10 was a landscape painting. In 1850 9 paintings out of 10 were landscape paintings
22. When did the Hudson River School of Painting begin and end?
• It began in 1825 and ended in 1870-80 • It was the first American School of Painting
23. What year was the Erie Canal constructed?
24. What artist from the Hudson River School of Painting painted for the American Sanitary Commission auction?
• Albert Bierstadt painted the painting below (painting with landscape with animals)
25. What was the name of Albert Bierstadt’s painting exhibited at the New York Metropolitan Fair as a fundraiser for the American Sanitary Commission?
• The Rocky Mountains (name of the painting below)1863 (painting with landscape and animals)
26. Who was the secretary of the Sanitary Commission?
• Frederick Law Olmsted
27. Where was John Muir born?
• Dumbar, Scotland
28. “And from the eastern boundary of the vast golden flower bed rose the might Sierra miles in height, and so gloriously colored, and so radiant, it seemed not clothed with light, but wholly composed of it, like the wall of some celestial city.”
• John Muir
29. Who climbed a 100-foot Douglas fir to experience a windstorm?
• John Muir
30. What university did John Muir attend?
• University of Wisconsin
31. What was written on Thomas Jefferson’s tomb stone?
• Here was buried Thomas Jefferson • Author of the Declaration of American Independence • Author of the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom • Father/founder of the University of Virginia
32. What was not mention on Thomas Jefferson’s tomb stone?
• His role as President
33. What country was the Louisiana Purchase from?
34. How much was the Louisiana Purchase?
• $15 million
35. Who purchased the Virginia’s Natural Bridge?
• Thomas Jefferson bought Natural Bridge. After becoming President of the United States, Jefferson built a two0room cabin on the grounds. He used it as his Camp David.
36. What was the land division by Township and Section (The Grid Survey System) under Jefferson?
• Section 16 was in the center and was for the school board and education
38. What other sections had special use?
• Sections 8, 11, 26 and 29. (the inside corners)
39. What were their special uses?
• These four sections were to be held for some future public purpose, like future use of government.
40. What was Lewis and Clark looking for on their expedition?
• They were searching for a water route across the country. (Northwest Passage)
41. “How can you buy the sky? How can you own the rain and the wind?”
• Chief Seattle
42. “This we know: All things are connected like the blood that unites us. We did not weave the web of life, We are merely a strand in it. Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves.”
• Chief Seattle
43. “We love this earth as a newborn loves its mother’s heartbeat. If we sell you our land, care for it as we have cared for it.”
• Chief Seattle
44. Who was Chief Seattle?
• He was Chief of the Suquamish and the Duwamish Indians. He was present at the negotiations in the 1850s with Commissioner of Indian Affairs for the territory.
45. Who wrote The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America?
• John James Audubon & Sons and John Bachman
46. What are quadrupeds?
• Four-legged mammals
47. From what university did Henry David Thoreau graduate?
• Thoreau graduated from Harvard College
48. How big was the Henry David Thoreau’s wooden cabin?
• 10 X 15 feet
49. “In wilderness is the preservation of the world.”
• Henry David Thoreau
50. Who was credited for the idea of National Parks?
• George Catlin
51. What is the title of the book George Catlin wrote?
• “Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs, and Conditions of the North American Indians”
52. Who created an Indian Gallery Collection?
53. John Muir and Gifford Pinchot were on opposing sides of what issue?
• John Muir and the Sierra Club fought for a decade to save Yosemite’s Hetch Hecthy Valley, but lost the fight. Gifford Pinchot was for the damming of the Hetch Hetchy by the O’Shaughnessy Dam.
54. TRUE OR FALSE: John Muir and Gifford Pinchot were both forest preservers.
55. Who created the idea of Zone System Photography (black, white and grey photography)?
• Ansel Adams
56. Who helped found the first museum collection of photography in 1940?
• Ansel Adams
57. Who photographed the Mount of the Holy Cross?
• William Henry Jackson
58. Who founded the Museum of Modern Art in New York City?
59. What department houses the U.S. Forest Service?
• Department of Agriculture
60. Who are the three people listed in “Wild by Law”?
• Aldo Leopold • Bob Marshall • Howard Zahniser
61. What did the three men listed in “wild by Law” achieve?
• They passed the first wilderness act
62. Facts about Aldo Leopold:
• He is the author of A Sand County Almanac. • He is from the Sand Hills in Wisconsin. • He established the Gila Wilderness, which was the first primitive / wilderness area n the wilderness act. It was established in New Mexico as the first primitive area in National forest.
63. Who came up with the idea of a Central Park in New York City
• William Bryant (a poet)
64. What were interior?
US Fish and wildlife servies and Beauro
65. Who wrote Travels that was a bestseller 4 languages?
66. What also are included in the national park service?
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