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Location: Frontal boneAction: Elevates eyebrows, wrinkles skin of forehead, moves scalp
Location: Around the lipsAction: Closes lips, puckers lips (kissing)
Location: Superficial to temporalis/posterior to buccinators, angle of mandibleAction: Elevates/protracts mandible, prime mover of jaw closureOrigin: Zygomatic archInsertion: Lateral surface of coronoid process, lateral surface of angle of mandible
Location: Temporal region of skullAction: Elevates and retracts mandibleOrigin: Superior and inferior portions of temporal boneInsertion: Coronoid process of mandible
Location: Between maxilla and mandible, fleshy walls of cheeksAction: Compresses cheek, holds food between teeth during chewing, sucking and blowing
Location: inferior/anterior to mastoid regionAction: Both- head pulled forward and down; One- head turns to opposite side from contracting muscleOrigin: Manubrium and sternal ends of claviclesInsertion: Mastoid process of temporal bone
Location: Anteriolateral portion of neckAction: Pulls lower lips inferiorly, tenses the skin of the neck, contributes to depression of mandible
Location: Sides of body posterior to axillary region (between ribs and scapulaAction: Protracts and depresses scapula, stabilizes scapula, superiorly rotates scapula (glenoid cavity moves up)
Location: Deep to pectoralis major (thin flat triangle)Action: Protracts and depresses scapula
Action: Prime mover of arm fexion, also adducts and medially rotates armOrigin: Medial clavicle, costal cartilages of upper ribs, body of sternumInsertion: Lateral part of intertubercular groove of proximal humerus
Action: Prime abductor of armOrigin: Acromial end of clavicle, acromion, spine of the scapulaInsertion: Deltoid tuberosity of humerus
Location: Axillary regionAction: Adducts and flexes the arm
Location: 2 headed muscle anterior of humerusAction: Primary flexor of elbow joint, antagonistic to triceps brachii, powerful supinator of forearmOrigin: Long head: supraglenoid tubercle of scapula; Short head: coracoid process of scapulaInsertion: Radial tuberosity and bicipital aponeurosis
Location: Lateral and anterior superficial portions of abdominal cavityAction: Both: compress abdomen and flex vertebral column. One: lateral flexion of vertebral column (same as internal oblique)
Location: deep to external obliqueAction: Both: compress abdomen and flex vertebral column. One: lateral fexion of vertebral column (same as external oblique)
Location: deep to internal obliquesAction: Compresses the abdomen
Action: Flexes vertebral column and compresses abdominal wallOrigin: Superior surface of pubis near symphysisInsertion: Xiphoid process of sternum and inferior surfaces of middle ribs
Location: Vertical tendonous sheath (white line) between rectus abdominis muscle
Location: Curved line marking lateral border of rectus abdominis, lateral and parallel to linea alba
Location: Extends from anterior superior iliac spine to body of pubis
Location: Between thoracic and abdominal cavitiesAction: Contraction during inhalation (flattening)
Location: Lateral hip (lateral thigh compartment)Action: Abducts and medially rotates thigh
Location: Medial surface of thighAction: Adducts and flexes thigh; also flexes leg at joint
Location: crosses over the anterior thighAction: flexes thigh and rotates thigh laterally; flexes leg and rotates leg mediallyOrigin: Anterior superior iliac spineInsertion: Tibial tuberosity, medial side
Location: Anterior surface of thigh (middle muscle)Action: Extends leg at knee jointOrigin: Anterior superior iliac spineInsertion: Quadriceps tendon, patella, patellar ligament, tibial tuberosity
Location: Anterolateral surface of thighAction: Extends the leg at knee jointOrigin: Greater trochanter and linea aspera of femurInsertion: Quadriceps tendon, patella, patellar ligament, tibial tuberosity
Location: Anteromedial surface of thighAction: Extends leg at knee jointOrigin: Intertrochanteric line and linea aspera of femurInsertion: Quadriceps tendon, patella, patellar ligament, tibial tuberosity
Location: Deep to rectus femoris, sandwiched between both vastus musclesAction: Extends leg at knee jointOrigin: Anteriorlateral surface of femurInsertion: Quadriceps tendon, patella, patellar ligament, tibial tuberosity
Location: Anterolateral portion of tibiaAction: Dorsiflexes and inverts foot
Location: Superficial lateral muscle covering fibulaAction: Everts foot (weak plantar flexor)
Location: Occipital boneAction: Moves the scalp posteriorly
Location: White sheath between the frontal belly and occipital belly
Both: head pulled back/extension and hyperextension of cervical vertebraeOne: head pulled toward side of contracting muscle
Location: Posterior of neck. Deep to splenius capitusAction:Both: head pulled back/extension and hyperextension of cervical vertebraeOne: head pulled toward side of contracting muscle
Location: Deep to trapezius, not visible of surface, parallel bands running inferolaterally from vertebrae to scapula. Top and middle portion of back.Action: Retracts (adducts) and elevates scapula, inferiorly rotates scapula
Location: Deep to trapezius, not visible of surface, parallel bands running inferolaterally from vertebrae to scapula. Just superior to rhomboid major.Action: Retracts (adducts) and elevates scapula, inferiorly rotates scapula
Action: Retracts (adducts) and elevates scapula, draws head backOrigin: Superior nuchal line, ligament nuchae, spinous processes of C7-T12Insertion: Clavicle, acromion process, spine of scapula
Action: Prime mover of arm extension, draws arm downward and backward while it rotates medially (swimmers muscle)Origin: Spinous processes of T7-T12, many lower ribs, iliac crest, thoracolumbar fasciaInsertion: Intertubercular groove of the proximal humerus
Location: Superior to spine of scapulaAction: Abducts the arm (baseball pitch)
Location: Inferior to spine of scapulaAction: Adducts and laterally rotates shoulder joint (arm slowing after pitch)
Location: Just superior and deep to latissimus dorsiAction: Prime mover of arm extension, draws arm downward and backward while it rotates medially
Location: Inferior to infraspinatus (3rd down below spine of scapula)Action: Adducts and laterally rotates shoulder joint (arm slowing after pitch)
Location: 3 headed muscle, posterior to humerusAction: Primary extensor of elbow joint, antagonist to biceps brachii Long head crosses glenohumeral joint and help extend humerusOrigin: Long head: infraglenoid tubercle of scapula. Lateral head: posterior humerus above radial groove. Medial head: Posterior humerus above radial grooveInsertion: Olecranon of ulna
Both: Extend vertebral column. One: Vertebral column flexes laterally towards that same side
Action: Primary extensor of thigh, rotates thigh laterallyOrigin: Iliac crest, sacrum, coccyxInsertion: Iliotibial tract of fascia lata, linea aspera of femur, gluteal tuberosity of femur
Action: Laterally rotates thigh and coxal joint
Location: 2 headed muscle, posteriolateral surface of thigh
Action: Long head: extends thigh Long and short head: flexes leg and laterally rotates leg
Origin: Long head: ischial tuberosity Short head: linea aspera
Insertion: head of fibula
Location: posteriomedial surface of thigh (superficial to semimembranosusAction: Extends thigh and flexes leg, medially rotates legOrigin: Ischial tuberosityInsertion: Proximal medial surface of tibia
Location: Deep/medial to semitendinosisAction: Extends thigh and flexes leg, medially rotates legOrigin: Ischial tuberosityInsertion: Posterior surface of medial condyle of tibia
Location: Calf muscleAction: Plantar flexes foot at ankle, flexes leg and kneeOrigin: Superior posterior non-articular surfaces of femoral condylesInsertion: Calcaneus (Achilles tendon)
Location: Deep to gastrocnemia (posterior compartment)Action: Plantar flexes foot at ankle
Which bone is typically cut first during this procedure?
What was used to attach the metal components to the bones?
What was the purpose for wearing the "space suits" during the procedure?
What is placed between the tibial and femoral components at the end of the procedure that acts as a spacer and replaces the menisci?
What specific type of graft was used to replace this patient's ACL?
How is an ACL typically injured
Why do they pre-stretch the graft up into the femur?
What is used to draw the new ACL graft up into the femur?
What is used to fixate the graft to the bone?
How long before returning to sports after surgery?
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