Lab Review (firstname.lastname@example.org) How do you approach the horse? Talk to them The side (by the neck) (exhibit) Restraints Halter Chain (over or under) Twitch (ear, mouth/lip) Shoulder roll Pick up hoof (ask someone to hold it) Haltering Reach over the neck and never let go of it Throw lead rope over shoulder Flight or Fight? Flight! Types of Saddles Western Quarter horse, paint, appaloosa Hunt Seat Thoroughbred, warm-blood, morgan Dressage Warm-blood Saddle Seat Saddle-bred, national show horse, Arabian, morgan Bits Curb Indirect Snaffle Direct Severity effects Diameter of mouthpiece Rider Length of the shank (curb) (severity ^ -> length ^) Texture of mouthpiece (twisted) Height of port (higher ^ -> severity ^) Angle of shank (straighter ^ -> severity ^) Look at power points for matching bridle and saddle Areas Bars Tongue Corners of the mouth Chin (curb) Roof of mouth (port, curb or snaffle) Poll (curb) Materials Copper -> salvate (wet mouth is a good mouth) Blemish vs Unsoundness Blemish Looks ugly Can lead to unsoundness Unsoundness Effects movement Look at power points and make note-cards!!!! Shoulder- Sweeney Hock- bone, bog spavin, thoroughpin, curb or sickle hock Hoof- quarter crack, abscess, (inside) laminitis, thrush, navicular Withers ? fistula Cannon (front)- bowed tendon, splint (B and U) Stifle- Stifled- displacement of the platella Coronet band- ring bone (may have to identify) (U and B) Elbow- shoe-boil Structure Look at powerpoint Foot-fall patterns and gaits Describe! Walk 4-beat lateral lf, rr ,rf, lr Trot 2-beat diagonal Pace 2-beat lateral Canter 3-beat pick lead and learn it Artificial gaits learn beats names Stride Length Height Pressure of step Rapidity- how fast they repeat a stride (slow) Balance ? same stride length Cadence- natural rhythm Describe! Behavior Look it over Be able to recognize different behaviors Sexual Mare Tail up Urinating Winking (vulva) Squat Know how long/ what estrous cycle Diestrus ? not receptive Injections IV ? inter -venialar Sub- coetaneous Inter-muscular Pectorals Neck Butt/ thigh Croup Blood Drawing Jugular Look at powerpoint Nutrition Alfafa vs grass First cutting- worse Second and third- richer Fatten= alfafa Weight vs volume Foot care Check out power point Describe laminitis Describe shoeing techniques Heart bar vs egg bar Never or always= false! Vital signs Respiration- Heart rate- Know how to take them Body Condition Conformation Go in stall with horse with defects Identify the defect Compare horses (most likely) Look at power point Foaling 3 stages of labor Sentence description General signs of discomfort Progress and embryonic sac and foal are out Umbilical cord in iodine Colostrum- first milk Moconium ? first fecal matter Expel placenta (2-3 hours) Equipment involved in A. I Don?t know name? Describe what it is used for
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