Believed poor people are at the bottom of society because they couldn't compete so they deserved it. Owners are at the top because they deserve it.
One of the guiding principles of capitalism, this doctrine claims that an economic system should be free from government intervention or moderation, and be driven only by the market forces.
Centered on the belief that human beings are naturally motivated by self interest
Gospel of Wealth
Wealth is an indication of godliness
The richer you are=the godlier you are
Haymarket Riot or Affair, 1886
National strike. Workers call for an 8 hour day.
anarchists are among the crowd, real political violence
May 4th, German anarchist calls for Chicago police to stop killing people
Cops charge wagon to arrest German, someone throws a bomb- 1 cop dies. Remaining cops open fire and kill 7 cops and 10 people
Aftermath of Haymarket Riot
8 anarchists are called into court for the riot.
7 of the 8 anarchists weren't even in Chicago
4 of the 8 are executed, 1 commits suicide in cell while waiting for execution, and 3 are sentenced to life in prison.
Persistent w/ L'faire
Calls for cooperation w/ this system
American Federation of Labor (AFL) 1886
let's avoid strikes when we can
-management of Carnegie's steel company is turned over to him
-Frick cuts wages (during depression) and outlaws unions at the Homestead place
-Frick causes a full-fledged strike, during which he is shot and stabbed
-lives, and calls the Pennsylvania militia and the national guardsmen run the mill during the strike.
Homestead Strike, 1892
Carnegie travels to Scotland. While away, Henry Frick has caused a steelworkers' union to strike. Thousands of workers barge through his barriers and barbwire to shoot at the hired Pinkertons. When Carnegie returns, he fires the strikers and cuts wages.
calls for a revolutionary change
In 1894, Debs is the head of the railway union in Chicago
calls for a national strike against the railroad system
Pres. Grover Cleveland sends in 12,000 soldiers to break strike and Deb goes to prison.
Pullman Strike, 1894
George Pullman- sleeper cars on the railroad, the Pullman corporation cut wages in the economic panic of 1893
Eugene Dobs led the strike, where workers refused to run trains containing Pullman cars.
Labor in the late nineteenth century
Working class people are seen as aliens
Labor unions are not legal @ the time
Nearly 10,000 strikes occur in the 1880s, 1500 strikes in 1886 alone
no compensation for injuries, no unemployment insurance, no childcare, no minimum wage, 60 hrs/wk- average, 35,000 people died from injuries/yr.
dangerous work is justified through individualism- social darwinism, Gospel of Wealth, laissez-faire economics
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