Latin 2H Grammar Final
- proper names of cities, towns and small islands
- the nouns "humus," "domus," and "rus."
- 1000 things = "mille"
- More than 1000 things = "milia"
- More than 1000 things, out of an even larger group of things = "ex" + the ablative case
- In English, introduced by the word "that"
- Always introduced by a verb of saying, informing, thinking, knowing, or perceiving
- In Latin, always an Infinitive Verb
- The subject is always in the Accusative Case
- The present infinitive indicates same time as the main verb
- The perfect infinitive indicates time before that of the main verb
- The future infinitive indicates time after that of the main verb
- "-errimus, -a, -um" for adjectives ending in "-er"
- "-illimus, -a, -um" for adjectives ending in "-ilis"
- "-issimus, -a, -um" for adjectives ending in anything other than those ↑ above
- Has a tense, voice, gender, number and case
- Must agree with the substantive in gender number and case
- In the present active, perfect passive, future active, and future passive
- Can also be used as nouns (e.g. "amans" = a lover)
- Form = [Future passive participle] + "sum"
- Often used with the Dative of Agent
- In English, necessity words include: "is to," "has to," "must," "should," "ought to"
- Ex. "This must happen today"
- Expressed as a substantive in the ablative modified by a participle
- In English, translated as
- Only has forms in the neuter singular of the Genitive, Dative, Accusative and Ablative cases
- Same form as the Gerundive (the future passive participle), but is ACTIVE in meaning
- The Gerudive is an Adjective, while the Gerund is a verbal noun
- As an adjective, the Gerundive has a full set of masculine, feminine and neuter endings, both singular and plural, for all cases. The Gerund has only neuter singular forms and only in the genitive, dative, accusative and ablative cases
- The Gerundive is passive in meaning, while the Gerund is active in meaning
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