26th of July Movement
· was the revolutionary organization planned and led by Fidel Castro that in 1958 overthrew the Fulgencio Batista government in Cuba. The 26th of July Movement fought the Batista regime on both rural and urban fronts.
Alliance for Progress
· initiated by U.S. President John F. Kennedy in 1961 aimed to establish economic cooperation between North and South America
· increased economic assistance to Latin America to over a billion dollars a year but was cut short of this when Nixon took office.
· a former Salvadoran Army unit, was a rapid-response, counter-insurgency battalion created in 1980 at the U.S. Army's School of the Americas, then located in Panama. It was implicated in some of the most infamous incidents of the Salvadoran Civil War. It was named for Atlacatl, a legendary figure from Salvadoran history.
· was a Chilean army general and president who assumed power in a coup d'état on 11 September 1973. Among his titles, he was the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean army from 1973 to 1998, president of the Government Junta of Chile from 1973 to 1974 and President of the Republicfrom 1974 until transferring power to a democratically elected president in 1990
Bay of Pigs
· was an unsuccessful attempt by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southernCuba, with support from US government armed forces, to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
· The plan was launched in April 1961, less than three months after John F. Kennedy assumed the presidency in theUnited States. The Cuban armed forces, trained and equipped by Eastern Bloc nations, defeated the exile combatants in three days.
Blancos & Colorados
· Two parties that were present in the Uruguayan Civil War also known as the Guerra Grande from 1839 to 1851
· Conservative Blancos represented the business interests of Montevideo
· Liberal Colorados looked after the agricultural interests of the countryside
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