is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals rather than through legislative statutes or executive branch action. Common law legal systems are in widespread use, particularly in England where it originated.
is a legal principle by which judges are obliged to respect the precedentsestablished by prior decisions. The words originate from the Latin maxim Stare decisis et non quieta movere: "to stand by decisions and not disturb the undisturbed."
Lawsuit or "Suit in Law"
is a civil action brought in a court of law in which a plaintiff, a party who claims to have incurred loss as a result of a defendant actions, demands a legal or equitable remedy. The defendant is required to respond to the plaintiff's complaint.
Crime is the breach of rules or laws for which some governing authority
is the grant of authority or rights, stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified.
in its broadest sense is a legal term referring to a series of legal and equitable doctrines that preclude "a person from denying or asserting anything to the contrary of that which has, in contemplation of law, been established as the truth..."
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