leaders power to provide pay-raises and promotions is...
what type of power did bill gates have when he started microsoft?
The primary functions of management are...
planning, organizing, staffing, and controlling.
You are told you need to work weekends. Your supervisor gives you a payraise in return. What kind of power is he using?
leadership is a phenomenon that takes places in the context of the interaction between leaders and followers. This viewpoint would suggest leadership is acessable to all.
You really enjoy working for your boss and really look up to him or her as a role model. You are more than willing to work hard for the organization because of your relationship with your boss. This is an example of...
On the way to track practice you get pulled over for speeding. Because you are late your coach makes you run laps. This is an example of...
Although there are clear differences between leadership and management...
The two constructs overlap
Understanding the nature of leadership has proved to be quite the challenge for practitioners and researchers because...
It is a highly valued phenomenon that is highly complex.
As captain of the soccer team, your primary goals are winning games and maintaining the strength of your team. Your players could care less about teamwork and just want to win. Which component of leadership would you recommend the leader focus on?
More than 60 leadership classification systems have been developed. t/f
Leadership occurs in both large and small groups. t/f
The earliest leadership theories in the 20th century emphasized control and centralization of power. t/f
An individual perceived by other group members as influential can only be an assigned leader, not an emergent one. t/f
A boss by definition usually has power over subordinates. t/f
Leaders who use coercion are generally most interested in their own goals, rather than those of subordinates. t/f
A factor common to the leadership classification systems is the view of leadership as a process of influence t/f
Followers are usually responsible for maintaining the relationship with leaders t/f
Teleological theories include all of the following except...
A leader's respect for others is not shown by...
Ethical theories fall within two broad domains...
conduct and character
Utilitarianism is concerned with...
Creating the greatest good for the greatest number
The five principles of ethical leadership include all of the following except...
focuses on the virtuousness of individuals and their motives
All of the following are ways ethical leaders build community except....
keeping social collectives exclusive
Giving an employee a merit-based pay raise is an example of...
Ethic theories that are driven from the viewpoints of a leader's character are called...
The ethics theory that is low in self-interest and high in concern for others is...
Andy owns a company. In the past, Andy has always given his employees bonuses during the holidays if the reached certain sales goals. This year, even though the company is thriving, he decided to cut bonuses from employees and award them to himself. Which ethical theory of leadership is Andy following?
None. That is an unethical decision
The ethics theory that is high in self-interest and low in concern for others is...
The five principles of ethical leadership can be traced back to...
Ethical theory provides a system of rules of principles that guide us in making decisions about what is right or wrong t/f
Conduct and character are the two domains of ethical theory t/f
The ethics of leaders have little impact on the ethical climate of their organizations t/f
A servant leader should strive to remove inequalities and social injustices t/f
Virtue-based theories of ethics focus on the conduct of leaders rather than who they are as people t/f
The influence dimension of leadership places an enormous ethical burden on leaders t/f
Ethical egoism is concerned with doing the greatest good for the greatest number t/f
An altruistic leader acts so as to create the greatest good for herself or himself t/f
Research related to the trait approach has...
Been around for over 100 years.
Mary has managed the mailroom for 2 yrs. Mgmt vies Mary as a person with special leadership talent, such as intelligence, sociability, and determination. What approach is mgmt using in assessing Mary?
Emotional Intelligence has to do with two different domains and the interplay between them. Those two domains are...
Affective and cognitive
Emotional intelligence includes our ability to perceive and...
all of the above
The following traits are associated with charismatic leadership...
self-monitoring and impression management
Of the Big Five personality factors, which the most strongly associated with leadership?
The big five consist of all the following factors, except...
The trait approach focuses on...
role of the leader
A manager arrives an hour early to work every day and is always completing his task early, as well as constantly striving for excellence within the organization. Which two traits best represent the manager?
dependable and dilligent
The trait approach is criticized for its failure to take _______ into consideration.
During the 2008 presidential election, Obama demonstrated this trait extensive3ly and brought public attention to its value as it relates to leadership
Founder and former CEO of Apple, Steve Jobs, best demonstrated which trait?
Within an organization, the trait approach can be applied to...
All levels of the organization
An organization requires you to fill out a personality assessment instrument as part of your application process for a specific position with the organization. What best explains why they would have you do this?
To determine if you fit their needs for the particular position
The winner of seven tour de france races and cancer survivor, lance armstrong, demonstrates which trait repeatedly through his accomplishments as a cyclist, as well as his personal battle with cancer?
The trait approach focuses primarily on the leader, not on the followers or the situation t/f
The trait approach determines the most important trait in a highly objective way t/f
Of all the traits that are related to leadership, intelligence is probably the strongest (most consistent) t/f
In application, the trait approach can help individuals pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses. t/f
the skills approach takes a _______ on leadership, like the trait approach.
Performance outcome is measured by...
standard external criteria
Pat Smith is personal director for a large bank. her major goal is to find a person who can adapt his or her leadership to different types of people and situations. Pat is basing her selections on...
the skills approach
in the skills model, crystallized knowledge refers to...
intellectual ability acquired over time
In the skills model, which of these is a general cognitive ability?
The abilities that help a leader to work effectively with subordinates, peers, and superiors to accomplish the organizational goal.
by including such a large number of components, such as two types of intelligence, the skills approach and its models are criticized for....
the range of skills extending beyond the boundaries of leadership
within an organization, the employees within the IT dept are crucial for the success of the organization due to their...
you recently received a promotion due to a higher-level of management within your organization. This is your third promotion with you dept. What best represents this type of promotion and its outcome?
skills approach helps us best identify our...
strengths and weaknesses
the ideas and mental abilities people learn through experiences can best be described as...
crystal cognitive ability
human skills are important in all levels of mgmt.. t/f
the skills approach suggests that many individuals have the potential for leadership t/f
environmental influences are factors in a a situation that lie outside the leader's competencies, characteristics, and experiences. t/f
skills approach provides a structure consistent with a leadership education program t/f
jim is a manager of a wendy's. he is very concerned with efficiency and making employees happy.
jim is a high-high style leader
sara is criticized for shifting her mgmt style too much and is known as a leader who watches out for herself. she is...
larry dislikes giving instructions to employees. he is uncomfortable with...
which of the following behaviors is not associated with the opportunistic leadership style?
the leader stresses the importance of social needs
middle-of-the-road mgmt best describes leaders who are...
your boss listens to employees personal problems and tries to create a positive work environment by being agreeable, eager to help, comforting, and uncontroversial. this is an example of...
you are required to report directly to your supervisor every morning. upon arrival he gives you a large list of tasks to be completed by the end of the day; he states he will be checking in after lunch to see your progress. this is an example of...
the director of your dept attends one weekly meeting. the director is seldom at the office outside of the meeting, and rarely responds to e-mails when you send questions pertaining to the organization. this is an example of...
each day of the week you meet with your direct supervisor and your coworkers for a morning meeting. this meeting is open-forum and issues, goals, topics, and ideas are all discussed at the meeting, during which the supervisor responds when able and asks for feedback often. this is an example of...
____ Refers to a leader who uses any combination of the basic five styles for the purpose of personal advancement.
styles approach does all of the following, except..
identifies a universal set of leadership behaviors
daily meetings, open communication, face-to-face interaction, and accessibility are all behaviors of which type of leader?
assisting group members in building cohesiveness is primarily a task behavior t/f
the style approach suggests that leadership cannot be explained by any list of personality traits. t/f
the style approach has failed to identify a universally effective leadership style. t/f
in the leadership grid, a person who uses but does not integrate the 1,9 and 9,1 styles of leadership could be called a "benevolent dictator" t/f
according to the leadership grid, opportunistic leaders rely primarily on the 5,5 style of leadership t/f
it is accurate to say that Situational leadership II (SLII) is primarily
you are the president of a large corporation. at a typical monthly meeting, each of your vice presidents gives a standard area report. in the past, these reports have been good, and the VPs seem satisfied about their work. Based on SLII, which leadership style would you exhibit at the next meeting?
you are leader of a group project for a class. the other group members seem insecure about whether they can complete the project, but it is apparent that they are competent enought to do a good job. in prior meeting you have been coaching them on the project. Based on SLII, which leadership style should you exhibit at the next meeting?
you are leader of a small jazz band composed of four of your peers who have never been in a jazz band before. as the leaser of the band, you have been very straightforward about how your band will function. you have clearly described each other members roles and they are starting to catch on to how the group works. what style do you exhibit next?
you are owner of a small catering company and have recently hired a skilled baker. when business is slow, however, you need the baker to help prepare other kinds of food. some of the processes (like deboning fish or preparing soup stock) are complicated and required detailed training. what style should you use under these circumstances?
you have recently been made a department head of a new regional office. in getting to know your dept staff, you've noticed that one of your inexperienced employees is not following through on assigned tasks. She is enthused about her new job and wants to get ahead in the org. Which alternative represents the most effective leadership style?
define the steps necessary to complete the assigned tasks and monitor her performance frequently.
which of the following statements best describes situational leadership?
different situations demand different kinds of leadership
the situational approach labels leaders styles specifically as
directive and supportive
a leader who emphasizes communication with followers in both achieving goals, as well as meeting the social needs, would best be described as...
allowing a group of employees to tun the daily operations of the org while the supervisor remains out of the picture unless he is needed to solve problems, listen to concerns, give praise, and provide feedback is best explained with..
once a group has established a plan of action toward achieving its goals, the supervisor allows the group to carry out the plan with little to no involvement. this is an example of...
you were recently hired into an org that you've always wanted to work at, and in addition, your education and experience complement you new position perfectly. According to the situational model, your level of development is...
you recently were promoted to a new position and are very excited, but you've little to no experience with numerous aspects of the new position. According to the situational model, your level of development is...
you have been employed at your org for some time and are starting to gain the necessary skills associated with your position but have trouble staying as motivated as you used to be. According to the situational model, your lever of development is...
as a recent grad from the top paper science program, you quickly receive a position with a large paper company and are given a high-salary position. you're very nervous and feel that you need more experience or assistance to meet org standards. according to the situational model, your level of development is...
if followers are low in competence and high in commitment, a leader should adopt which style?
high-directive, low-supportive style
which of the following would not be considered a strength of the situational approach?
takes the influence of gender into account during leader-follower situations
b/c of the lack of research studies associated with situational leadership, there are questions concerning its theoretical basis. which of the following is not one of these questions?
why are there limited doctoral dissertations done on the situational approach?
which best describes the reason situational leadership is so practical for managers to use?
its straight-forward nature
questionnaires on situational leadership often ask for respondents to look at specific applications, which may result in...
Biased results in favor of situational leadership
followers can move back and forth along the development continuum, and therefore leaders should be...
flexible in their leadership behavior
low in competence and high in commitment
some competence but low commitment
D4 subordinates are not certain that they can do the job by themselves t/f
situational leadership requires the clear recognition of subordinate needs t/f
in SLII, Style 2 is low directive and low supportive
in SLII, Style 3 is high supportive and low directive
the situational approach contends that leadership involves both directive and supportive behaviors t/f
the situational approach requires leaders to demonstrate a strong degree of control t/f
in the situational approach leader behaviors are mostly job-related t/f
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