Texas was on the cutting edge for regulating railroad Hogg also tried to regulate prisons, wasn?t just criminals in prisons, crazy people (insane) were also imprisoned Worked to extend school term from 4 to 6 months Campaigned actively against racial violencebrutal lynching in paris, tx in 1893, gov hogg urged on anti lynching law, 1897 was when antilynching law was passed in tx Gov hogg-progressive populists reformer Texas in the 20th century Galveston Hurricane of 1900, Sept. 8, conservative estimate of 6,000 deaths Government is reorganaized to deal more effectively with disasters. 17ft high 7 mile long seawall was built. Raised elevation of city by 8 ft 1st public high school in tex was organized in the last quarter of the 19th century. Prior to this education was minimal Land was set aside for schools but not much was done with it before the war 1876 legislature adopted community school system African american children suffered even more without adequate education facilities Constitution of 1876 legilature adopted community school system African american children suffered even more without adequate education facilities Constitution of 1876 called for school systems to be segregated Court decision plessy vs fergusen said separate but = was ok, overturned in 1954 in brown vs board of education By 1920s black schools receives 1/3 less funding and teachers were paid ¾ salary of white teachers Mexican american families wanted education, held fundraisers and attended catholic based schools, bilingual extremely pregressive Pubic education system stopped bilingual education 1884 rewriting of school laws, led to foundation for public schools, elected superintendent, placed schools under supervision of country judges. Required most counties to be divided into school districs with authoridy to assess local taxes. Provided schooling for children ages 8 to 16. Required that teachers hold certificates, required local districts to file regular reports with the state. Immigration and higher birth rate meant more ppl taking up small amount of resources Voter taxes would be raised for purpose of education Many cities and towns organized independent school districts free of county control. Districts began to collect local taxes for school purposed, in 1904 90% of districts did this Rural school lagged behind cities because they didn?t have a tax base In 1900 cities spent $9 for students and 4 per students in rural most tx schools were rural and tx ranked in bottom of adequate school Higher education- 1st institution was Texas A&M land grant university opened in 1876. Moral land grant Also established prarie view A&M for colored ppl, opened 1878, 1879 become prarie view normal school just to train teachers 1901 prarie view became A&M and offered courses in arts and sciences 1879 and normal school sam Houston state 1881 legislature approved a bill establishing university of texas
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