Lecture 11.07.08 Labor force in cities begins to change, work force grows attempt to create labor unions workers wanted leverage in workplace, many Texans were concerned about labor unions The red scare made unionism less attractive, came to be seen as the bot beds of communisms 1947-US congress passed Taft Hartley act over veto of harry Truman outlawed the closed shop; you couldn?t force someone to be in a union to work. Right to work laws-have right to work were you want, passed by state legislature, hurt union members, weekend power of union Management benefitted, nonunion wages were lower, business in 1940-1950?s was extremely powerful Rise of agribusiness in Texas mechanization helped farmers pesticides, DDT, irrigation technology allowed farmers to get water from Ogallala aquifer 1st TV station in TX was WBAP in Ft. Worth farmers were less isolated, fewer farmers produced more crops. Corporate farmers is so efficient, small farmers were driven out of business Farm workers were losing jobs due to mechanization, bracer program brought migrant workers from Mexico who worked for extremely low pay, permanent workforce sent away. American GI forum-focused on informing Mexicans their rights under GI bill GI Bill was designed to help soldiers transfer back to civilian life w/loans praying for school Conducted voter registration drives, lawsuits against schools for segregation, became Mexican voice after WWII
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