History 129 Lecture 12 Notes World War I ? 1914-1918 ? Allies: France, Great Britain, Italy, Russia ? Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey Began with assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand ? By Black Hand Member Gavrillo Princip ? In Sarajevo Woodrow Wilson tries to keep U.S. neutral for first 3 years ? Made it clear the U.S. favored Great Britain and its Allies Fourteen Points ? U.S. War Aims ? Presented by President Woodrow Wilson ? Self-determination for nations ? Less Alliance Leverage ? Global Peacekeeping Union: League of Nations ? ?War to end all Wars? American Balance Sheet: 1918-1920 ? Decisive Military Contributions- Huge difference in the War ? Disease kills more than combat ? 1919 Flu Epidemic ? Senate defeats League: Isolation Derailing Progressive Reforms ? Divided Counsels- Teddy Roosevelt and Jane Addams ? Roosevelt adamantly for War ? Addams was a Passivist Preoccupied with Mobilization ? Equipped to fight Squelching Dissent ? 100% Americanism ? Sauerkraut and Brats became ?Liberty Salad? and ?Liberty Sausage? Russia and Germany were used as ?Lessons? War and Social Change ? No one sees it coming ? Suffrage for women ? Prohibition ? 1919 ? 18th Amendment ? Racial Tension
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