Friendships/Peer Relationships At what age can a child begin having friends? 2-3 month olds will watch and smile at other babies Between 2 and 5 years of age: Onlooker Play (9 months to 2-3 years) Just watching, observing Solitary Play (9 months to 2-3 years) Doing own thing and watching other kids Parallel Play (2-3 years) Small groups doing similar activities ?next to? each other but not ?together? Simple Social Play (around 3 years) Sharing, activities together Cooperative Play (3-5 years) Game, activity that revolves around a theme (ex. pretend play, dress up, etc) Around 5 or 6 years, games begin to have rules, winners, losers, etc. Friendships in Preschool Years By 2 years of age children begin to pick same-sex peers to play with By 6 years of age children pick same-sex peers 2/3 of the time Girls support and encourage each other Boys compete with each other, threaten each other, play rougher Ex. Rock and slide story Friendships in School Years and Adolescent Years Friendships develop in 3 phases Phase 1: Age 4-7 Friends are those who play together Phase 2: Age 8-10 Trust and helping each other are important aspects of friendship Phase 3: Age 11 and up Loyalty and intimacy are important
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