Lecture 2: Political Economy and Marxism
- Michigan State University
- Integrative Studies In Social Sciences
- Integrative Studies In Social Sciences 315
- Lecture 2: Political Economy and Marxism
Last Modified: 2011-12-15
Related Textbooks:Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism (4th Edition)
Related Textbooks:Making of Economic Society, The (12th Edition) (Heilbroner, Robert L//Making of Economic Society)
- Inequality in every society
- inequality goes to the point where its unbearable, then conflic ensues and then social change
-competition (loweste level) war (highest leve
- fight for limited resources!
- social order through force (order is not natural)
Conflict = major source of change
Marx ignores middle class (they just act as an agent between rich and poor, facilitates rich)
-little to no inquality, many resources with little people
- NATURAL SOCIALISM: no one owns anything, everyone owns everything
added agriculture responsibilities
individuals property - starts "RIGHT TO OWN"
- handful of queens kings and emperor
- had armies, could be brutal
- WORKED FOR THE THRONE
- extreme oppression, world is starving and diseased. All fell apart
- feudalism collapsed when steam engine was made
- industrialism changes proletariat(have nots)
Capitalism: people own things
- Native Americans, African Villages
start of BARTER SYSTEM
-- shoe makers no longer own the shoes they make... ( assembly line and shit)
technical knowledge of how things are produced - educated willing labor
technology changes industries
One person does all? or Specialization to create goods?
when there is a CHANGE in mode of production, everything in a society changes
Proletariat (have nots)
Class consciousness ( false consciousness is made to look like poor is poor because their own bad choices)
Ruler Bourgeoisie = Landlord
Ruler Proletariat = Farmer
Class conflict between these two lead to social change
- unemployment is good for bourgeoisie because it makes people line up and beg for work so they are easily exploited
- causes class gap to increase as higher exploitation = higher profit
job is not a right, can be hired and fired
worker does not own product he produces
... from other workers
- working takes up whole life
half of americans live in poverty
median income for US is 50,000
in countries where there is equality, there is no competition and therefore no technological advancements
not competitive, low productivity
south korea vs north korea
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