2008-11-4 Description: Prepositions Semantics of Prepositions: -prepositions express relations 1) Spacial ex: The rabbit went (to/toward/over) the hill. 2) Temporal ex: The rabbit arrived (at/by/before/after) noon. 3) Time ex: Lets go (now) 4) Manner ex: They left (in a hurry). 5) Cause ex: for 6) Means ex: by, with 7) Accompaniment ex: with 8) Possession ex: of 9) Concession ex: despite 10) Exception ex: despite 11) Instrument ex: with 12) Benefactive ex: for 13) Opposition ex: for, against -some prepositions have lexical meaning. -some prepositions have grammatical meaning. ex: A picture (of) Susie was (on) the wall. on = lexical of = grammatical Morphology of Prepositions: Derivational Morphology: -prepositions do not undergo derivational affixation. -there are compound prepositions though ex: inside, without Productive - constructed very freely; created by a process that has lots of products. -prepositions are not productive. Inflectional Morphology: -prepositions are very rarely inflected. -prepositions can be case makers ex: The cover (of the book) The book('s) cover Categories That Introduce Prepositions: 1) They are not adjectives or adverbs, degree words. -they are called "modifiers of a prepositions"
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