•Transformation of traditional (undifferentiated) societies to modern (differentiated) societies.
Traditional - Modern
- fewer specilizations lower interdependence particularism: focus on family less centralization low us of money and market higher significance on family limited bureacracy *******rural and agricultural****: RURAL TO URBAN FLOW OF GOODS AND SERVICES
highly specialized high interdependence universalism: tied into universal forces, if economy goes down in India, we pay the price high centralization high use of money and market important but declining role of family widespread bureacracy urban and industrial: urban to rural flow of KNOWLEDGE, goods and services
Moore's model of Industrialization
Necessary conditions for industrialization - Values: horribly difficult to change peoples values, people must WANT to change for modernization to occur - Institutions: change in politics, economy, religion example: during feudalism, christianity spread as it was promoted by ruling class - Organization : change how businesses are structured - Individual Motivation: give motive for the individuals to change
Consequences of Industrialization
Demographic and Ecological Structure
fertility: decreases as kids are not needed for farm labor -educated women so they can have as many or as few as she wants
mortality decrease because of advances in technology
migration from rural to urban ares international migration increase!
culture values traditions politics
DYNAMICS of Industrial Societies
partial restoration of traditional patterns continuous social change organized planned social change -- economy is changing so those that last their job need to RETRAIN Diveregence between individual societies - every society goes through the same process of change --look different because cultures, religion, environment are different
- history and conflicts are ignored.... ethnocentricism - development is glamorized, indicators of development are not universal
European model of development is not replicable
difficult for other countries to modernize the same way because first world countries have so much power already
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