Lecture 4: Abortion (Marquis)
- University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
- Philosophy 356
- Lecture 4: Abortion (Marquis)
Last Modified: 2011-07-01
Pro-choice: presupposes psychological criteria for personhood that the fetus does not possess, fetus is thus not a person and has no rights
-Rejects the idea that it is wrong because of the effects it has on friends and family
-Still need to investigate the source of the immorality
-Since these killings are wrong, these effects cannot constitute the immorality of the killing
-"The loss of one's life is the greatest that one can suffer."
-Those dying of AIDS or cancer often lament their loss of ability to do things in the future
-the wrongness of killing non-humans so long as they are deprived of valuable futures (including aliens and animals)
-the moral permissibility of euthanasia
-not allow the permissibility of infanticide
-does not revolve around the protection of potential persons
-Any account which cannot accommodate the permissibility of euthanasia should appear suspect
-The moral category of person never enters his analysis
-ex: it would not be morally wrong to kill depressed teenagers or adults -- this is wrong so the account fails
-If this is right, then it is more evidence for his account
-Since fetuses do not have the capacity to desire their continued existence, they do not have the right to life
-Thinks Tooley's first claim is wrong
-Drug that prevents user from desiring his continued existence
-Allows for infanticide
-Notes that plants can be killed but that killing them is not wrong, for they are not sentient and thus not victims
-Comatose patients are not sentient, yet killing them is still wrong
-He thinks that these have uncontroversial moral status and then argues that each alternative gets at least one commitment wrong
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