NORTHERN COLONIES IN THE 17TH CENTURY King James wanted to discover own beliefs Settlement of New England English reformation and its dissidents Landed in Plymouth Rock Permission to sail to Jamestown and settle it down w/ religious influence but missed Jamestown King James and Plymouth ? joint stock company Failed efforts in Maine (1607-1608) Pilgrims arrive and draw charter Environment: cold and rocky Short growing system; law quality soil Third royal Charter: Massachusetts Bay 1629 More success than failure, charter created Bring over more Puritans Religion, covenants and society of orders John Winthrop Build community that shines Plea to come back to normal; lost our way but can find way back Nature of life in Puritan communities Society of Orders Hierarchy ? within family and church Respect; each person has his/her place Children aren?t children? mini adults Adults follow a legal code Children needed to probe they are saved/ pre destined Minister higher than wealthy; not all equal Covenant Group who believed they were saved and started a church (Mayflower) Children get baptized at birth Ideals of saintly behavior and conformity If someone in covenant does bad, everyone else will be brought down Townships, legal institutions, and good fail government City on a Hill Kings allow New Englanders to have own government Puritans, Indians, and Pequot Wars Puritans attack Pequot Indian Tribe 1630s Banishments: Williams, Hooker, Hutchinson Roger Williams ? separation between church and state Thomas Hooker ? can?t join church until you truly get saved Ann Hutchinson ? starts discussion group (bible study); debated what bible says New outlets for religious freedoms Shifting at the Edges New France from Champlain LaSalle, Marquette, and Joliet Recall Charles II taking New Netherlands (1664) Western Frontier and King Phillips War (1675) Frontier interactions with French (1670s ? 90s) Quakers ? ?society of friends? (1656) Equality in church, freedom of speech Penn?s forest and a proprietary colony (1682) Government depends on good people Statements of rights ? ?society of rights? Social Change and the ?witch trials? Increased levels of education Reading more of the bible Questions stories in the bible Increased commercial power and women?s power Reactionary ?Blue Laws? (1670s-80s) Investigations of Western Violence (1676-84) Massachusetts Bay Charter revoked (1684) Plymouth Charter revoked (1691) The Village of Salem (1692) Divisions within Salem Conflicts over the ?halfway covenant? Haven?t yet experienced what God means to them Economic differences across the village Blame game over the loss of the charter Couldn?t be ?my? covenant that did it The young vs. old Young wanted to grow up, family but no opportunity to Samuel Parriss arrives in Salem Bring slave with his family, Tituba Daughter and friend tell Tituba the like boys; Tituba looks into egg yolk Daughter gets sick, hallucinates, others in town get sick Blames Tituba 140 accusations made; 110 prison; 19 hung, 20 executed Unless they blamed someone, not let off the hook Traditional ideas about witches Evil manifested itself in a person Good or damned Women more suspected New idea about courtroom evidence The general difficulty of ?strict Calvinism? How to stop a ?finger-pointing circus?? Salem didn?t know how to stop it Others said that?s not the source of the problem
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