African-American author and administrator
*started his own weekly newspaper the Houston Freeman
*soon after became the personal secretary for Booker T. Washington
dominant figure in the African American community in the United States
*Northern critics called Washington's followers the "Tuskegee Machine".
* W. E. B. Du Bois demanded a stronger tone of protest for advancement of civil rights
*cooperation with supportive whites
*Wrote "up from slavery"
*Atempted every solution to the problem of twentieth-century racism
*First African-American to earn a doctorate at Harvard
* founder and editor of the NAACP's journal The Crisis
* opposition of Booker T. Washington's alleged ideas of accommodation with Jim Crow separation between whites and blacks and disfranchisement of blacks in the South,
*reeminent entertainers of the Vaudeville era
*One of the most popular comedians
*Best-selling black recording artist before 1920
* first black American to take a lead role on the Broadway stage
*First major African-American feature filmmaker,
*produced both silent films and "talkies
It consisted of films produced for an all-black audience, featuring black casts.
*approximately five hundred race films were produced, but many lost b.c produced outside of hollywood.
* Astor Pictures released several race films and produced Beware with Louis Jordan.
*vanished after United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc., or the Hollywood Antitrust Case of 1948
*Forced the division of motion picture exhibitors from the motion picture production companies
American-born Afro-French dancer, singer, and actress
*first African American female to star in a major motion picture
*first black actor of the 20th century to portray Shakespeare's Othello in a production with an all-white cast.
* American composer, pianist, and big band leader
*most important composer in jazz
*American jazz singer and bandleader
*energetic scat singing and led one of the United States' most popular African American big bands from the start of the 1930s through the late 1940s
"StudyBlue is great for studying. I love the study guides, flashcards and quizzes. So extremely helpful for all of my classes!"Alice , Arizona State University
"I'm a student using StudyBlue, and I can 100% say that it helps me so much. Study materials for almost every subject in school are available in StudyBlue. It is so helpful for my education!"Tim , University of Florida
"StudyBlue provides way more features than other studying apps, and thus allows me to learn very quickly!Â I actually feel much more comfortable taking my exams after I study with this app. It's amazing!"Jennifer , Rutgers University
"I love flashcards but carrying around physical flashcards is cumbersome and simply outdated. StudyBlue is exactly what I was looking for!"Justin , LSU