Abnormal Psychology History began on philosophy (comes from Greeks) Concepts like ego, superego, etc. were available in Greek but were credited to Freud Back then Greeks had ?talk therapy? which resulted in relieve of anxiety Not much treatment for children Freud said children couldn?t have metal disorders and that they didn?t have developed superego therefore they cannot have mental disorders Proven wrong in present times and right now there are children diagnosed with depression, schizophrenia, OCD, etc. Overt behavior gets more attention than covert behavior Behaviors like depression (isolation), going through moods Children have same disorders as adults Abnormal behavior = deviation of norms to the extremes Extreme behavior, extremely unaccepted clothing (wearing) are some examples Electroconvulsive shock therapy Started before everything to ?fix? mental disorders; electric shock treatment Hydrotherapy Patient in tub of cold water Lobotomy Take an ice-pick and stick it in the area above the eye and wiggle it and this will calm the person down In the early 60?s Psychotropic medications were invented and they had a lot of side effects One of the side effects (long term) has a person where they shake like a person would in Parkinson?s disease but its treatable One end of the spectrum includes psychodynamic theory which was Freudian In the middle was introspection into mind and subconscious The other end of the spectrum was behaviorism by John Watson Free association Anything that came into mind and this will bring the person into place where it will break down ?id? and this will bring out subconscious words and feelings and thoughts Patients don?t want this though Catharsis Traumatic material that you are not able to handle Comes in the dreams as a way to protect Neo-Freudian People believed in self actualization Client has to find ways in which you can be strong Carl Rodgers Believed we all know how to cure ourselves and all he would do is sit and listen to what patients had to say and this helped people Behaviorism John Watson (baby and rat study) Multidimensional model Base therapy Systemic feedback loop Several components are added like biological, social, emotional component The patient might have came in with something that was predispose Biological component Genetic or environmental (abusive parents) Social component Might have gotten beat up in school Case of Andrea Yates Women that drowned all her children Postpartum depression with psychosis All the components were part of the reason why this took place CBT good for a lot of depression and OCD disorders Biological influence (Yates case) ? predispose genetic to depression and anxiety Acted as stressors Mother and sisters No social influence Spouse not helping with children and then patient became very isolated Even family around in area but they were no help No energy for them and they were going through their problems Emotional influence Diagnose with depression and suicide attempts A lot of things not reported to her psychiatrists Physician warned not have any more children due to postpartum depression and yet spouse forced after she got better and this pushed her over the edge and ended up killing all the children Cognitive influence Not much from this due to the patient being nurse but after psychosis kicked in Deteriated cognitive function Systemic feedback loop Different points come back around and feedback into the loop Biological, cognitive, emotional, culture all feed in and problem and it becomes a problem
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