Political Science Lecture Notes Air Pollution Consequences ? Burning Coal ----> Acid rain ? Increases acidity of water ? Ozone depletion: ? Ozone layer: Protective layer shielding planet from Sun's harmful impact ? Linked to chemicals (CFCs) ? Used in AC units and aerosol sprays Water Pollution Conventions on Ocean Pollution ? International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (ICPS) by oil, 1954 ? International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution by Ships (ICPPS), 1973 Global Warming Greenhouse Effect ? Gases are released by burning fossil fuels which act as a blanket in atmosphere, increasing temperatures. ? Greenhouse Gases: ? Carbon Dioxide ? Methane ? Nitrious Oxide ? Production of gases is the driver of global warming Effects ? Flood ? Heat Waves ? Drought ? Diseases Kyoto Protocol ? Kyoto, Japan 1997 ? Reduce CO2 emissions ? Industrial States cut average greenhouse gas emissions by 5% by 2008-2012 Who's in, Who's Out? In: 189 States Out: Afghanistan, U.S., San Marino, Zimbabwe, Somalia Opposition USA: Hurt Economy Developing States: ? Decrease energy comsumption, reduce revenue ? Imports are more expensive ? Reduce Demand Water Scarcity... ? The lack of a secure, uninterrupted, and long term storage Nilitary Activites and the Environment ? "One morning when I was a small girl, my father awoke to find all of his hair had fallen off onto his pillow overnight." ? Kassenova (2009) ? From nuclear weapons testing = radiation poisining
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