Infancy ? Attachment/Bonding ? close emotional bond between infant and caregiver ? develops during 1st few weeks and months ? can have long term effect ? mother may experience postpartum depression ? role of the father/coach ? Mary Ainsworh: individual differnces in caregiver attachment ? secure attachment- secure adults ? anxious/insecure avoidant- anxious avoidant adults ? anxious/insecure resistant- anxious resistant adults ? insecure disorganized- fearful adults Developmental Tasks of Infancy/Toddlerhood (0-3 years) ? Adjusting to the birth process and life outside the womb ? reflexes ? motor (muscle) control- differentiation ? responsive environment ? shaken baby syndrom ? Learning about the immediate context ? developing schemata (Piaget) ? sensory and perceptual development Infancy/Toddlerhood ? Learning self-regulated behaviors ? feeding ? walking ? talking/language ? sleeping ? toilet training when child is ready ? Sudden infant death syndrom (SIDS) ? Do NOT place infant on stomach to sleep ? Temperament/Personality ? an individual's behavioral style and characteristic way of responding ? .5 to .6 attributed genetics, lessens with experience ? Plomin ? emotionality ? sociability ? activity level Infancy/Toddlerhood Emotional Development ? Primary emotions (6-8 months) ? surprise, joy, anger, sadness, fear, disgust ? Self-concious emotions (18 months to 3 years) ? empathy, jealousy, embarrassment ? prime, shame, guilt Temperament ? Thomas and Chess ? easy child ? difficult child ? slow-to-warm-up child ? Interaction with parental temperament ? goodness of fit Infancy Personality Development ? Establishing a basic sense of trust vs. mistrust ? Erikson- trust and attachment ? basic needs are met ? responsive, caring environment with nurturing, warm interactions ? consistency of caregivers ? reciprocal socialization ? scaffolding Toddler Personality Development ? Establishing a basic sense of autonomy vs. shame/doubt (12 months- 3 years) ? Erikson- independence ? walk, talk, toilet training ? i am me! separate from you! ? self-centered ? no! ? reciprocal socialization ? scaffolding a pregnany mother with genital herpes should have a c-section because it could die or have brain damage inadequate or no prenatal care for a pregnant mom may result in low birth weight babies and increased infant mortality rate
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