March 19, 2010 Golden Age of Augustus ? Nephew of Julius Caesar ? 27 BC " 14 AD leader, 14 AD he was made a god by the people of Rome ? 13 BC senate dedicated " Ara (alter) Pacis (peace) Augustae (Augustine) " Alter of Augustine Peace. 9 BC it was opened up and completed. ? Inspect the liver of the animal that they did the sacrifice of. The priest would look for the marks to tell the future. They would also watch how the birds flew. ? Pg. 176 ? Opening looks to the east. Classically vine scrolls are carved into it. Swans (Apollo), snails, frogs, snakes. ? East and west are flanked with mythological panels; un-interruptive north and south are precessions of people whom attended the ground breaking (historical reliefs). ? Hellenistic style for mythological, classical style for historical. ? Female Personification (tellus?, Italia gergel calls her this-sprit of the golden age of rome) panel from the east faade ? Image 7-30 ? Two babies on her lap with fruit ? Crops are plentiful ? Happy farm animals ? Promotion of Fertility ? Inland waters and outland seas " the two ladies represent ? Left figure is riding on a swan, a pot with flow water (means fresh water). ? Right figure is riding on a sea monster, live in wild oceans, Mediterranean seas. ? Italy and Rome are what the two ladies represent. ? Procession of the imperial family, detail of the south frieze ? Image 7-31 ? Pg 177 ? Augustus and his family ? Classical style ? Toddler age through elder people. 4 generations of family shown here. 3d to flat view in the background. Range of physical types, age and vary height of relief. ? Portrait of Augustus " head covered with the back of toga ? Balteus " di-angle line across the body of the toga, obo (pocket from the front of the toga) to hold the money bag. ? Face is shown smooth, blemishless. ? The emperor portraiture was done by a specialist that government controlled, the body was done by another, the hands were probably holding offerings. Hands were carved by another person, then a painter to paint it. ? ~12 BC area ? 44 BC Caesar was murdered, eve 42 BC Caesar was avenged he would build a Temple of Mars which was built. ? Mars, Romulus, Remus " father of Rome, Venus " mother of Italy ? Forum of Augustus ? Pg 177 no image in book ? Maison Carre, Nmes ? Ca 1 " 10 CE (AD) image 7-32 pg 177 Temple is raised on high platform, staircase at the front only of the porch, visual appearance of peripula temple, no covered walkway " sudo periperal
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