Rel STudy 321 Baby1-586- destruction of 1st temple 539- persians allow jews to return 516/515- second temple Theological Crisis? 450- Nehemiah rebuilds walls of Jerusalem 330 BCE-- palestine 323- Alexander dies. 300 BCE- divided region into four parts... 2 most significant 2 generals--- Ptolemy and Selevcus... take charge of egypt early third cent. 275~ hebrew bible translated into Greek letter of aristeas... 70 translators put in separate rooms... translating TORAH- all come back with the exact translation... so this shows this translation is divinely inspired text.... story serves as legitimation of the Bible. LXX (70)= SEPTUAGINT= greek translation of hebrew bible 200BCE- serious antagonism between ptolemy and selevcus regions 170/165 - Antiochus IV aka epiphanes (high priest)... comes to power/ interested in pulling money out of Judea... wants to hellenize the city (Jerusalem) dude wanted to invade egypt.. he wanted more of it. had to back off.. Polytheism vs. Mono shift from cult. to moral law priests to Emphasis on Purity, Observance of Sabbath Kosher Laws. Hasmoneans 1 Maccabees-- Mattathias--Judas ?the Hammer? 163-63BCE-- Idumea destroys samaritan temple on Mt. Gerizian 67-63 --Hyccanus II and Aristobulus II
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